Coventry teenager Zakariya Ashiq has been charged with terrorism offences related to Syria, after she he at Heathrow Airport last Thursday.
Ashiq was arrested after he disembarked a plane that had landed at Heathrow from Jordan.
He has been charged with preparing for acts of terrorism and assisting others to prepare for acts of terrorism, contrary to Section 5 of the Terrorism Act 2006.
Ashiq, of Foleshill, north Coventry, will appear at Westminster Magistrates Court this afternoon.
His arrest was "pre-planned and intelligence led", West Midlands Police said.