Israeli forces have moved into the occupied West Bank outpost of Amona to remove settlers who Israel's Supreme Court ruled have been living illegally on privately owned Palestinian land. The outpost was the scene of violent clashes between settlers and police on 1 February 2006, 11 years ago to the day.

Scuffles broke out between some activists and police as protesters tried to block officers from progressing. Police spokesman Micky Rosenfeld said forces were operating "carefully and slowly." He said 10 officers were lightly hurt and several protesters were arrested. Protesters chanted "Jews don't expel Jews" as they linked arms to form a wall against police.

Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli settlers scuffle with security forces at the Amona outpostThomas Coex/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2017: Protesters stand next to fire at the entrance to the Israeli settler outpost of Amona in the occupied West BankRonen Zvulun/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli settlers scuffle with security forces at the Amona outpostJack Guez/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli settlers scuffle with security forces at the Amona outpostJack Guez/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli settlers remain inside their homes in Amona in protest during scuffles with security forcesJack Guez/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli settlers argue with security forces at the Amona outpostThomas Coex/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
Israeli border police evacuate an injured comrade during an operation by Israeli forces to evict settlers from the illegal outpost of AmonaBaz Ratner/Reuters

Unarmed police made their way up the hill as activists and settlers erected makeshift barricades to slow their advance. Some protesters threw rocks at security forces, while others set fire to tyres and piles of rubbish. A few residents left their homes with young children in their arms.

Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
A member of an Israeli settler family pushes a pram past Israeli policemen during an eviction of residents from the settler outpost of AmonaBaz Ratner/Reuters

Activists gathered in homes, praying, singing religious songs and dancing. Residents have said they plan to resist their evacuation peacefully. Some chained themselves to buildings or other heavy objects.

Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2017: Youths wait for the arrival of police forces inside a home in the Israeli settler outpost of Amona in the occupied West BankRonen Zvulun/Reuters

Amona is the largest of about 100 unauthorised outposts erected in the West Bank without permission but generally tolerated by the Israeli government. Israel's Supreme Court ruled in 2014 that Amona was built on private Palestinian land and must be demolished. It has set 8 February as the final date for it to be destroyed. The outpost, built in the 1990s, stretches out over a rugged, grassy hilltop and looks out across the valley onto Palestinian villages.

Outposts usually start with pre-fabricated huts on remote hilltops, lived in by a handful of settlers. Over time, they acquire Israeli military protection and hook up to water and electricity networks, slowly becoming more formalised.

Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
31 January 2017: A rainbow is seen over the Israeli settler outpost of Amona in the occupied West BankRonen Zvulun/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
22 July 2004: Aerial view of the illegal settler outpost of Amona (left), the West Bank Jewish settlement of Ofra (centre) and the Palestinian village of Ein Yabrud (right)Dror Etkes/Peace Now via Getty Images
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
7 September 2016: Israeli settlers Sara and Elad Ziv pose for a picture with their children outside their home in the West Bank outpost of AmonaMenahem Kahana/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
7 September 2016: Israeli settlers Sara and Elad Ziv sit with their children in their garden in AmonaMenahem Kahana/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
29 November 2016: Israeli settlers play basketball in the outpost of Amona, which was established in 1997 in the Israeli-occupied West BankMenahem Kahana/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
29 November 2016: Israeli youths build a wooden structure in the Jewish settler outpost of Amona in the West BankRonen Zvulun/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
18 December 2016: A Jewish man covered in a prayer shawl prays in the unauthorised settler outpost of Amona in the West BankBaz Ratner/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
15 December 2016: An Israeli youth sits next to tyres at a bus stop during the construction of barriers in the Jewish settler outpost of AmonaRonen Zvulun/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
30 January 2017: Protesters hold placards during a demonstration against the expected eviction of the Israeli settler outpost of Amona in the occupied West BankBaz Ratner/Reuters

In 2006, also on 1 February, Israeli police demolished nine homes at Amona, setting off violent clashes pitting settlers and their supporters against police and soldiers. Police were confronted by thousands of settlers and more than 200 people were injured.

Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: Israeli border police officers lock arms during clashes with ultranationalist protesters in the unauthorised West Bank outpost of AmonaGil Cohen Magen/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli police officer scuffles with an ultranationalist protester during clashes in the unauthorised West Bank outpost of AmonaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: Israeli soldiers storm the roof of a house during the evacuation of the West Bank outpost of AmonaPedro Ugarte/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 September 2006: Israeli ultranationalist protesters lie in a bulldozer after being removed from the roof of a building by Israeli police officersRonen Zvulun/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli ultranationalist protester is lifted by a police officer during clashes in the unauthorised West Bank outpost of AmonaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli police officer stands behind his paint-covered shield during clashes in AmonaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli police officer shouts during clashes in the unauthorised West Bank outpost of AmonaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli settler cries following a clash with riot police in the West Bank outpost of AmonaUriel Sinai/Getty Images
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: A settler is shoved out of a window by Israeli border police during the evacuation of the West Bank outpost of AmonaPedro Ugarte/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: A Jewish settler waves a burned Israeli flag during clashes with Israeli police as settlers tried to prevent security forces from destroying nine houses in the West Bank settlement of AmonaMenahem Kahana/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An injured Israeli officer is evacuated during clashes between settlers and Israeli security forces in AmonaPedro Ugarte/AFP
Amona Israel west bank illegal settlement
1 February 2006: An Israeli settler cries as a building is destroyed in the West Bank outpost of AmonaShaul Schwarz/Getty Images

Several dozen trailers have remained and the outpost has become a symbol for the settlement movement. About 50 families, some 250 people, live in Amona now. In recent weeks dozens of mostly young supporters, including high school students, have arrived to face off against Israeli forces.

While preparing to evacuate Amona, Israel announced plans to build 3,000 homes in the West Bank, the third such declaration in eleven days since US President Donald Trump took office. Trump has signalled he could be more accommodating toward such projects than his predecessor Barack Obama.

The Israeli parliament is due to vote next week on a law that would retroactively legalise dozens of outposts built on privately owned Palestinian land without government authorisation. Backed by the Israeli government but described as unconstitutional by the attorney-general, the bill is expected to pass. Legal experts said, however, it would not survive any challenge in the Supreme Court.

Most countries consider settlements illegal and an obstacle to peace, as they fragment the territory Palestinians seek for a viable state. Palestinians want the West Bank and Gaza Strip for an independent state, with its capital in East Jerusalem. Israeli troops and settlers withdrew from Gaza in 2005.