An estimated 30 million children have fled brutal violence and extreme poverty, the resulting conflicts of the war-torn countries which they once called home. This figure includes the millions caught among conflicts within Syria, Yemen, Iraq and Afghanistan. Half of the refugees from these countries are under 18 years old– the highest figure for child refugees in over a decade.

An estimated 95,000 unaccompanied children have applied for asylum in Europe. Many live in refugee camps, scattered across border towns, where conditions are worsening at a rapid rate. These children who made the journey alone, or were separated from their families along the way, have nowhere to turn.

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A child blows soap bubbles as she plays at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP

On 26 April, 2016, British MPs voted – 294 to 276 – against a proposal to allow 3,000 unaccompanied refugee children into the UK. The move was backed by Labour, The Liberal Democrats and the SNP - but rejected by all but five Conservative MPs. Prime Minister David Cameron, who himself rejected the plan, argued that the children are living in 'safe' countries.

Dismissing claims that he had 'put the country to shame', the Prime Minister used PMQs the following day to reject the parallels many have made between the unaccompanied children and the young Jewish refugees fleeing persecution during WWII. Cameron said any such comparison is 'deeply wrong'.

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A eats her dinner at a makeshift camp for refugees along the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP

The proposal to offer asylum to unaccompanied Syrian refugee children was put forward by Labour politician Lord Alfred Dubs. He was one of 669 Czech children - the majority of whom were Jewish - to be saved from the Nazis by stockbroker Nicholas Winton's Kindertransport initiative in 1939.

Yvette Cooper, who leads a Labour Party taskforce responding to the Syrian refugee crisis, said Cameron put Britain's reputation to shame: "There are children's homes full in Italy and Greece and over 1,000 children will sleep rough in Greece alone tonight – how are they safe?"

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A boy is held up high by his father, wearing a cap that reads: 'Open border , I am Afghan child' while the Olympic Flame torch is relayed through the Eleonas refugee camp in Athens.Louisa Gouliamaki/ AFP
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A boy cries at a makeshift camp for migrants and refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A boy eats a lollipop at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A boy drinks water at the end of a meal at a makeshift camp for refugees near the village of Idomeni, not far from the Greek-Macedonian border.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A boy gestures at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP

According to a report, published on 23 February 2016 by Help Refugees, there were 423 unaccompanied minors in the Calais camp, northern France. Around a third of these children have since gone missing, after French authorities demolished the southern section of the Jungle.

There are at least 1,500 unaccompanied refugee children stranded in Greece, with many as young as 10-years-old. They have fled war-torn countries and travelled thousands of miles in order to reach Europe and often by themselves. Their plight has not been helped by the closure of the Aegean route, and the Balkan states closing their borders, which left an estimated 2,000 unaccompanied children stranded in refugee camps.

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A baby girl looks through the window of a train at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A baby is seen sleeping inside amakes bread at a tent camp on the outskirts of Izmir, TurkeyChris McGrath/ Getty Images
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Children clamber onto a tent as they play in a makeshift camp for refugees, along the Greek-Macedonian border and near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A girl looks on through smoke as she sits in a cargo train cart in a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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Emad, 5, has a jelly drink as he and his brother Murad, who was trained by Islamic State, stand in a grocery at a refugee camp near the northern Iraqi city of Duhok.Ahmed Jadallah/ Reuters
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A young Kurdish girl holds her toys as she stands in the mud in a new refugee camp in Dunkirk, France.Carl Court/ Getty Images
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Children look through a caravan window in the 'Jungle' refugee camp in Calais, France.Denis Charlet/ AFP
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A 5-year-old Kurdish boy from Iraq stands in a refugee camp in Grande-Synthe near Dunkirk, France.Philippe Huguen/ AFP
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A young Kurdish girl looks out from a tent in a new refugee camp in Dunkirk, France.Carl Court/ Getty Images
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A girl is held by her father in the refugee camp in Grande-Synthe near Dunkirk, France.Philippe Huguen/ AFP
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A young girl attends a class to learn music and singing at the Finn Church Aid center in Al Zaatari refugee camp, in the Jordanian city of Mafraq, near the border with Syria.Muhammad Hamed/ Reuters
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Children play inside a train wagon, stationed next to a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Alexandros Avramidis/ Reuters
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A boy plays with a ball at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A girl has her hair braided by her mother in a railway car, at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A girl sits in a railway car at a makeshift camp for refugees, situated at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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Children look to the sky as they play with a kite at a makeshift camp for refugees, at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Stoyan Nenov/ Reuters
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Boys play football at sunset at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A toddler holds a packet of biscuits as she stands on the rail tracks at a makeshift camp for refugees, along the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A girl wears large heart-shaped sunglasses as she and others gather while the Olympic Flame torch is relayed through the Eleonas refugee camp in Athens.Louisa Gouliamaki/ AFP
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A girl stands in front of a tent, daubed with a message at a makeshift camp for refugees along the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A mother cooks dinner at a makeshift camp for refugees along the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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Children wait for the arrival of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, EU Council President Donald Tusk and European Commission Vice-President Frans Timmermans, at Nizip refugee camp near Gaziantep, Turkey.Umit Bektas/ Reuters
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A girl with her doll climbs the stairs of a train station building at a makeshift camp for refugees, situated at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Joe Klamar/ AFP
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A young boy sits in an old armchair, outside the old international airport in Athens, which is being used as a temporary camp for refugees.Angelos Tzortzinis/ AFP
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Omayma al Hushan, 14, who launched an initiative against child marriage among Syrian refugees, walks on her way back from school in Al Zaatari refugee camp in the Jordanian city of Mafraq, near the border with Syria.Muhammad Hamed/ Reuters
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Children attend a class to learn music and singing at the Finn Church Aid center in Al Zaatari refugee camp, based in the Jordanian city of Mafraq, near the border with Syria.Muhammad Hamed/ Reuters
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Twenty day-old baby girl, born to Syrian parents at a refugee camp, is seen in a tent at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Alexandros Avramidis/ Reuters
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A boy stands in a makeshift camp for refugees and migrants at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Stoyan Nenov/ Reuters
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Children are dried off by their mothers, who bathed them at a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, Greece.Alexandros Avramidis/ Reuters
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A girl poses at a train station that houses a makeshift camp for refugees at the Greek-Macedonian border, near the village of Idomeni, GreeceJoe Klamar/ AFP