The spacecraft will be entering the atmosphere of the red planet at speeds going beyond 12,000mph.
Nasa plans to continue studying the effects of space on humans, with several missions lined up over the coming years.
Scientists predict there is a "100% chance" of spotting gravitational waves from supermassive black holes within a decade.
The galactic pair, dubbed ADFS-27, is located approximately 12.7 billion light-years away from Earth.
After delays caused by a stray aircraft just two minutes before the launch of Antares on 11 November, the rocket was relaunched the next day and is now on its way to the ISS.
The massive SLS rocket will carry four astronauts in Orion spacecraft and will produce a thrust of 8.8 million pounds at lift off.
A rare conjunction of the planets Venus and Jupiter will take place on 13 November where the two brightest objects in the night sky will appear close to each other.
The unexpected entry of the flying guest has led Orbital ATK, which has a $1.9bn contract with Nasa for ISS resupply missions, to postpone the rocket launch to November 12.
In 2019, Nasa's New Horizons spacecraft will fly past a mysterious, distant object - currently known as (486958) 2014 MU69 - in the outer regions of the solar system.
Six researchers spent 8 months living in total isolation inside a small dome to assess the psychological impact of an extended Mars mission.
The cosmic event, dubbed SN 2014J, was discovered in January 2014 in the nearby starbust galaxy Messier 82.
"We are now conducting a thorough and fully transparent investigation of the root cause," the company said.
Astronomers have discovered a cataclysmic event that challenges everything we know about the death of stars.
The first configuration of SLS vehicle will stand 322-ft tall, which is higher than the statue of liberty.
Astronomers think that the icy moon is one of the best candidates for finding life outside our planet.