Anti-government protests in Venezuela have reached the symbolic mark of 100 consecutive days. Many protests have ended in clashes between masked youths and security forces, with more than 90 killed, hundreds arrested and thousands injured since the unrest began at the start of April.

For more than three months, tear gas, rubber bullets, rocks and petrol bombs have flown between protesters and security forces. And for more than three months, Reuters and AFP photojournalists have been putting on their helmets and capturing pivotal moments in the embattled nation's history. IBTimes UK shares 100 powerful photos of 100 days of increasingly violent protests in Venezuela.

Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
1 April 2017: Venezuelan opposition activists take part in a protest – blocked by the National Guard – against the government of President Nicolas Maduro at the Francisco Fajardo highway in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
1 April 2017: Riot police break up a march during a protest against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
4 April 2017: Riot police charge on demonstrators protesting against President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
4 April 2017: Demonstrators scuffle with security forces during an opposition rally in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
4 April 2017: People try to protect themselves during clashes between opposition activists and riot police during a demonstration against Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
6 April 2017: A member of the National Guard fires tear gas from an armoured vehicle as opposition activists protest against the government of President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
6 April 2017: Venezuelan opposition activists react to tear gas fired by the police during protests against the government of President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
8 April 2017: Thousands of demonstrators protesting against President Nicolas Maduro's government march in CaracasCarlos Becerra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
8 April 2017: A demonstrator against Nicolas Maduro's government throws a Molotov cocktail during clashes with riot police in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
8 April 2017: Fireworks explode in the midst of tear gas while demonstrators barricade an office of the Supreme Court of Justice in CaracasMarco Bello/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
13 April 2017: Riot police clash with demonstrators protesting against President Nicolas Maduro's government, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
19 April 2017: Thousands of demonstrators rally against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
19 April 2017: Demonstrators tear down parts of a fence at La Carlota air base in Caracas during a rally against Venezuelan President Nicolas MaduroJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
19 April 2017: A masked demonstrator throws back a tear gas canister at riot police during a march against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 April 2017: A demonstrator throws back a tear gas grenade while clashing with riot police during the so-called "mother of all marches" against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 April 2017: An injured demonstrator is helped by another protester after clashing with riot police during the so-called "mother of all marches" against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
20 April 2017: Riot police officers take up position to crack down on demonstrators during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasRonaldo Schemidt/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
24 April 2017: A fireman tries to extinguish a truck set alight during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protest volunteer medics
24 April 2017: Volunteers help an injured demonstrator during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
26 April 2017: A tear gas canister whizzes by as an opposition activist prepares to throw a stone at riot police in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
26 April 2017: An injured opposition activist is carried away on a motorcycle by fellow demonstrators during clashes with riot police during a protest march in CaracasRonaldo Schemidt/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
1 May 2017: An opposition activist faces policemen during a march against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas on May Day, marking one month since the protests startedFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
1 May 2017: An opposition activist prepares to throw a stone towards the police during a march against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro held on May Day in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
1 May 2017: A riot police officer emerges from a cloud of tear gas during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
1 May 2017: Venezuelan opposition activists protect themselves behind a makeshift shield, during clashes with police at a march against President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
1 May 2017: An opposition activist throws a Molotov cocktail during a march against President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasRonaldo Schemidt/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
3 May 2017: Members of the National Guard on a motorcycle are dismounted by opposition demonstrators during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Becerra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
3 May 2017: A demonstrator catches fire after the petrol tank of a police motorbike exploded, during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
3 May 2017: Riot police fire tear gas while clashing with opposition supporters rallying against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
3 May 2017: A charging National Guard riot control vehicle knocks down a demonstrator during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Becerra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
3 May 2017: An opposition demonstrator who was run over by a National Guard armoured vehicle is helped away by a fellow demonstrators in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
4 May 2017: An injured opposition activist is assisted after clashes with riot police at the Central University of Venezuela in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
6 May 2017: A Venezuelan opposition activist kisses a policewoman during a women's march in Caracas aimed to keep pressure on President Nicolas MaduroRonaldo Schemidt/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
8 May 2017: A Venezuelan opposition activist wearing a homemade gas mask takes cover behind a makeshift shield as clashes erupt with riot police during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
8 May 2017: Opposition activists throw stones at riot police during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
10 May 2017: Opposition supporters uses a giant slingshot to fire a Poopootov cocktail, a bottle filled with faeces, at riot police in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
10 May 2017: Opposition activists are hit by the jet of a riot police water cannon during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
10 May 2017: Riot security forces clash with demonstrators during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's government in San CristobalCarlos Eduardo Ramirez/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
12 May 2017: Riot police take cover behind their shields in a Roman Centurion-like tortoise formation as they clash with opposition activists during a protest against the government in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
13 May 2017: A firefighter puts out a fire after a bus went up in flames during a protest in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
17 May 2017: Opposition activists take part in a candlelit vigil to protest against the deaths of 43 people in clashes with the police during weeks of demonstrationsJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
17 May 2017: Opposition activists place candles to protest against the deaths of 43 people in clashes with the police during weeks of demonstrations against the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
18 May 2017: A Venezuelan opposition activist prepares to throw a tear gas canister back at the riot police during a rally against the government of President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
19 May 2017: Relatives and friends of 15-year-old Jose Francisco Guerrero, who was shot when he went to buy some food and found himself caught in a confrontation between looters and the National Guard, attend his funeral in San Cristobal, Tachira State, VenezuelaLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 May 2017: The mother of Paul Moreno, a volunteer member of a primary care response team who died while on duty during a protest, cries over his coffin during his funeral in MaracaiboIsaac Urrutia/Reuters
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
22 May 2017: An opposition demonstrator argues with a National Guard officer during a health care personnel march in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
22 May 2017: AP photographer Ariana Cubillos is knocked down by the water jet of a riot control vehicle as opposition activists clash with riot police during a health care personnel march in CaracasLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
24 May 2017: Regular opposition demonstrator Wuilly Arteaga plays his violin to the riot police during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
24 May 2017: Protest violinist Wuilly Arteaga is blasted by the jet of a water cannon on CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
24 May 2017: Wuilly Arteaga cries as he shows his broken violin during a protest in CaracasCarlos Becerra/AFP
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
24 May 2017: An opposition demonstrator throws a tear gas canister at riot police in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela protest volunteer medics
24 May 2017: Volunteer members of primary care response team help a child suffering from the effects of tear gas during a rally against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas
Venezuela protests anti-Maduro Caracas
24 May 2017: Opposition demonstrators kick a riot policeman during clashes in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
26 May 2017: A demonstrator jumps away from the jet of water fired by a riot security forces vehicle during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasCarlos Barria/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
27 May 2017: An anti-government protester stands next to a burning truck blocking the Francisco Fajardo highway in Caracas during a demonstration against Venezuelan President Nicolas MaduroLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
27 May 2017: An anti-government demonstrator stands next to a national flag during an opposition protest blocking the Francisco Fajardo highway in CaracasLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
29 May 2017: A member of the riot security forces kicks a tear gas canister during protests at a march to state Ombudsman's office in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
29 May 2017: An opposition activist clashes with the police as they block the Francisco Fajardo highway in Caracas during a demonstration against President Nicolas Maduro's governmentJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
29 May 2017: A motorcycle is set on fire during a protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's government in San CristobalCarlos Eduardo Ramirez/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
30 May 2017: Medical staff carry a boy suffering from the effects of tear gas during clashes between opposition demonstrators and the riot police during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
31 May 2017: A firework launched by opposition activists explodes amid a group of National Guard riot police motorcyclists during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro's government, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
31 May 2017: A Venezuelan National Guard soldier fires what appears to be a shotgun at opposition demonstrators from inside an armoured riot control vehicle, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
31 May 2017: An injured opposition activist lies on the ground, during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro's government, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
31 May 2017: An injured opposition demonstrator is assisted by fellow activists during clashes with riot police in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
3 June 2017: Riot police officers behind shields look on as a man tries to himself during clashes between opposition activists and riot police in CaracasLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
5 June 2017: Security forces assist a fellow policeman whose leg caught on fire during clashes with opposition activists demonstrating against President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
7 June 2017: A Molotov cocktail explodes in the middle of a group of riot police officers during a rally against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
7 June 2017: A man aims what appears to be a shotgun at demonstrators as they attack the administrative headquarters of the Supreme Justice Court in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
7 June 2017: Fatally injured 17-year-old demonstrator Neomar Lander is treated during riots in Caracas. The government said he died when a homemade mortar exploded in his hands, while the opposition said he was killed by a tear gas canister fired straight at himCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
8 June 2017: Opposition demonstrators mourn the death of 17-year-old activist Neomar Lander during clashes with riot police, in Caracas, taking the overall death toll since the beginning of April to 66Luis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
10 June 2017: A nun and other demonstrators take part in the Towards Victory protest against the government of Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: Demonstrators ride their skateboards along a list of the people who were killed during protests against Venezuela's president Nicolas Maduro government in CaracasIvan Alvarado/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: A protester shields a pedestrian during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: A supporter of the government of Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro and an opposition activist face off in front of the Supreme Court of Justice in Caracas, after the court rejected a legal challenge by the attorney general against the government's constitutional reform bidLuis Robayo/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: Anti-government demonstrators attack the administrative headquarters of the Supreme Court of Justice as part of protests against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: Anti-government demonstrators participate attack the administrative headquarters of the Supreme Court of Justice as part of protests against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: Protesters vandalise an office inside the building housing the magistracy of the Supreme Court of Justice and a bank branchCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
12 June 2017: An anti-government demonstrator shows his wounds he said were caused by shotgun pellets during an attack on the administrative headquarters of the Supreme Court of JusticeFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
14 June 2017: A demonstrator is detained by riot security forces during a protest against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
16 June 2017: Mourners of Jose Perez, who was fatally injured during a protest, react next to his coffin during his wake in Capacho, VenezuelaCarlos Eduardo Ramirez/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 June 2017: Riot police confront opposition activists during clashes in a demonstration against the government of President Nicolas Maduro along the Francisco Fajardo highway in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 June 2017: A member of the riot security forces points what appears to be a pistol towards a crowd of demonstrators during a rally against President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasChristian Veron/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
19 June 2017: An injured demonstrator is assisted by volunteer members of a primary care response team during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: A hooded demonstrator stands near a burning motorbike in clashes with the riot police during an anti-government protest in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: A hooded demonstrator stands near a burning motorbike in clashes with the riot police in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: An injured opposition supporter is helped by volunteer members of a primary care response team during clashes with riot security forces at a rally against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasIvan Alvarado/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: An apparently unconscious demonstrator hit by a rubber bullet shot by riot police is carried away by volunteer medics in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: A member of the riot security forces points a gun through the fence of an Air Force base at David Jose Vallenilla, who was carrying just a backpackCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: David Jose Vallenilla falls to the ground after being shot dead by a riot police officer at an Air Force base in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
22 June 2017: David Jose Vallenilla, who was fatally injured, is helped by volunteer members of a primary care response team outside an Air Force base in CaracasCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
23 June 2017: A demonstrator clashes with riot security forces while rallying against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro's Government in CaracasIvan Alvarado/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
24 June 2017: Demonstrators protest at the edge of an Air Force base during a rally against Venezuela's President Nicolas Maduro's Government in CaracasChristian Veron/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
26 June 2017: Members of the National Guard on a motorbike arrest an opposition activist during a demonstration against the government of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
4 July 2017: A boy reacts next to blood stains as forensic technicians work at the site where protester Engelbert Duque was fatally injured in TaribaCarlos Eduardo Ramirez/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
5 July 2017: An injured government supporter tries to leave the building after he and a group of fellow government supporters burst into Venezuela's opposition-controlled National Assembly during a sessionCarlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
6 July 2017: Venezuelan opposition demonstrators block a road and clash with police during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasJuan Barreto/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
6 July 2017: A Bolivarian National Guard member hits a demonstrator with his motorbike, during a protest against President Nicolas Maduro, in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
8 July 2017: Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez greets supporters outside his house in Caracas, after he was released from prison and placed under house arrest for health reasons, on the eve of the 100th day of protests in the embattled nation
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
9 July 2017: A police officer fires at opposition activists during a demonstration marking 100 days of protests against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro in CaracasFederico Parra/AFP
Venezuela Caracas protests Maduro
9 July 2017: Opposition supporters affected by tear gas reacts as members of the security forces approach during a rally held to mark 100 days of protest against Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's government in CaracasAndres Martinez Casares/Reuters

The protests are underpinned by four years of brutal recession, as millions of Venezuelans suffer food shortages, runaway inflation and long shopping lines.

The opposition and government are on a political collision course this month. The opposition is organising an unofficial referendum on Maduro next weekend, after which they are promising "zero hour", a presumed reference to an escalation of tactics that could include a general strike or march on the presidential palace.

Maduro, in turn, is seeking to create a new super body called a Constituent Assembly, which would have powers to rewrite the constitution and dismiss the current opposition-controlled legislature, via a July 30 vote. Maduro's foes are boycotting this vote, saying it is a sham designed to keep an unpopular leader in power.