Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte claimed an "overwhelming" victory in elections on Wednesday, vowing to use his fourth term in office to rebuild the country after the coronavirus pandemic.

Already one of Europe's longest serving leaders after ten years in office, exit polls showed Rutte's liberal party clearly winning the most seats in parliament after the socially distanced three-day vote.

Dutch elections
Europe's first Covid election of 2021 has taken place over three days, with the elderly and at-risk voting before the polls open for everyone else Photo: ANP / Marcel Van Hoorn

The pro-EU D66 party, which has challenged Rutte's European policy as part of his current government, is set to surge into second place, while anti-Islam leader Geert Wilders lost ground to move into third, public broadcaster NOS predicted.

Populist leader Thierry Baudet's party did unexpectedly well on the back of Covid-sceptic votes in a country that recently suffered its worst riots in decades after the imposition of a coronavirus curfew.

Dutch elections
Mask-wearing citizens will be able to vote in a host of locations from the famed Van Gogh museum in Amsterdam to dozens of railway stations Photo: ANP / Koen van Weel

"The voters of the Netherlands have given my party an overwhelming vote of confidence," a smiling Rutte told reporters in parliament.

Rutte said that "not everything has gone well in the last 10 years", including his resignation in January over a scandal in which people were racially profiled and then falsely accused of scamming child benefits.

"But of course the main issue also on the table for the next years is how to rebuild the country going forward after corona."

Dutch Prime Minister
Polls show Rutte's VVD party with around 25 percent of the vote, which would give them slightly more than their current 32 of the 150 seats in parliament Photo: ANP / Bart Maat

He added that "I have the energy for another ten years."

Dutch Parliament
Composition of Dutch parliament, ahead of a March 17 general election considered a major European electoral test as the continent continues to battle Covid-19 Photo: AFP / Sofiane OUANES

The Netherlands has recorded more than 1.1 million infections and 16,000 deaths, and is currently under its most stringent health measures yet including the curfew and closure of bars and restaurants.

Millions of masked voters cast their ballots in pandemic conditions at museums, churches and bike-through polling stations on the third and final day of the elections, which have been dominated by the government's response to the pandemic.

A limited number of voting centres had been open on Monday and Tuesday for the elderly and vulnerable, with voters also allowed out after the curfew, before polls opened for everyone on Wednesday.

The Dutch parliament is now set to have a record-equalling 17 parties in parliament, two more than the current number, and a sign that coalition talks could be as difficult as in 2017 when they took seven months.

Dutch elections
IMAGES Polling stations open on the last of three days of voting in the Netherlands, with Prime Minister Mark Rutte seeking to return to power in an election dominated by the coronavirus pandemic. Photo: AFPTV / Jan HENNOP

The exit polls showed Rutte's liberal VVD (People's Party for Freedom and Democracy) gaining three seats to win 35 in total, up from the 33 it won four years ago.

Bleached blonde far-right leader Wilders looked set to lose his PVV's (Freedom Party) status as the second-biggest party, with exit polls predicting he would win 18 seats, down two.

Congratulating Rutte despite a campaign in which he called him a "traitor", Wilders said he had "hoped for a little more", but that "we are still the third party in the Netherlands."

The main surprise was the strong showing of D66, led by Dutch foreign trade minister Sigrid Kaag, predicted to increase its parliamentary share by seven to 26 seats.

Kaag -- who tweeted a picture of herself dancing on a table in celebration -- said the result was "a great responsibility."

It overtook its fellow coalition partner the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), led by hawkish finance minister Wopke Hoekstra, now set to be in fourth place with 14 seats, down five.

One other key gainer was the stridently pro-EU Volt party, winning its first ever three seats.

Traditional left wing parties had a bad night, losing seats overall.

Meanwhile, Thierry Baudet's Forum for Democracy, criticised for his anti-vaccine comments and for being the only leader to hold rallies despite the pandemic, was set to win eight seats, up from two.

Rutte earlier ruled out a coalition with Wilders "because of what he said about Islam and the Koran", or with Baudet because of what he "has done in terms of anti-Semitism and racism".

Rutte said the results meant he would talk with D66 and likely to the CDA.

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