The conflict in Syria is approaching its fifth year, with no end in sight. Hundreds of thousands of Syrians have lost their lives, and millions have been forced into exile. Around 2.3 million Syrian refugees live in Turkey, more than half of them children. Many of them dream not of Europe, but of returning to their homes in Syria. Reuters photographer Umit Bektas visited several refugee camps in Turkey and asked children to draw or write down their wishes.

Syrian children dream of home
Inside a tent in Yayladagi refugee camp, Hale Selim, 13, shows her drawing of home in SyriaUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
In a classroom in Yayladagi refugee camp, Nur El-Huda, nine, shows a drawing of her home in SyriaUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Ali Addahar, nine, shows his drawing of his home in Syria as he sits in his tent in Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Meryem Mahmo, 14, shows a drawing of her home during a carpet weaving workshop in Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters

The bloodshed has had a profound effect on many of the children in the camps. Nine-year old Ilaf Hassun drew a picture of her home: a simple house, with trees and clouds with smiling faces. Then in red pen, she added the figure of a woman clutching her dead child walking towards a cemetery.

Hassun and her family are living with nearly 3,000 other people – 1,000 of them under 12 years old – in Yayladagi Refugee Camp, a former tobacco factory converted by the government just across the border from Syria in eastern Turkey.

Syrian children dream of home
A drawing by Ilaf Hassun, nine, a Syrian refugee who lives in Yayladagi refugee camp. Her picture shows a mother carrying her dead daughter to a grave. The writing reads: 'Turkey and Syria are free'Umit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Ilaf Hassun (left), nine, and her seven-year-old sister Bera Hassun pose in Yayladagi refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters

Tesnim Faydo, eight, a Syrian refugee girl who lives in Yayladagi refugee camp, also drew a similar scene showing the effects of the war: a mother crying for her wounded and bleeding daughter next to a grave.

Syrian children dream of home
Tesnim Faydo, eight, surrounded by her friends in Yayladagi refugee camp in Hatay province, shows her drawing of a mother crying for her wounded daughterUmit Bektas/Reuters

Meryem Dolgun, a youth worker, said: "They draw tanks, war planes, dead people, wounded children, crying mothers. Drawings are the evidence of their trauma, the reflection of their inner worlds." The most severely traumatised are sent to specialist hospitals, but the rest are given support within the camps.

The need to provide schooling and a future for Syrian children in Turkey – and prevent what Dolgun called a "lost generation" – is a high priority. However, with just 330,000 places available in camps, and many refugees preferring to take their chances begging or working illegally in Turkey's major cities, only a fraction of children are receiving help.

The Turkish government, aided by the United Nations and non-governmental organisations, has set up 27 "Kid-Friendly Fields" across the country, used by an estimated 100,000 children between the ages of four and 18 who receive support and education, and a chance to be children. The centres are the latest effort by authorities to ramp up their humanitarian response and provide long-term care for refugee communities unlikely to be able to return for years.

Providing mental security as well as physical shelter is one of the challenges facing Turkish authorities. "We have to find a way to let these children forget the war and what they experienced," said Ahmet Lutfi Akar, president of the Turkish Red Crescent. "These (children) grow up in camps. We have to teach this generation that problems can be solved without fighting, and we have to erase the scars of war."

Syrian children dream of home
Ele Cundi, five, sits with her friends in a kindergarten at Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
A drawing of a flower by Ele Cundi, five, who lives in the Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Abdullah El-Omer, 15, poses with a sign that says: 'I want an end to the war in Syria' in the barber shop where he works in Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
In Yayladagi refugee camp , Kamer Topalca, 18, holds a sign that reads: 'My god save us. Let us to return back to our homeland safe. Let us live happily'Umit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Syrian refugee Resad Bekur, 18, poses in the shop where he works in Yayladagi refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
A drawing of home by Resad Bekur, 18, a refugee who lives in Yayladagi refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Ali Ristmo, seven, shows his drawing of a mosque during a lesson with his classmates in Yayladagi refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Islem Halife, 11, shows a drawing of her home in Syria, as she sits in a classroom where she learns the Quran in Nizip refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Meryem Mahmo, 14, shows a drawing of her home during a carpet weaving workshop in Midyat refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
Ahmet Cemal, 12, shows a drawing of home as his mother and his two brothers sit next to him in their tent in Nizip refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters
Syrian children dream of home
In Midyat refugee camp, Esma El-Gureyb, 18, holds a sign reading: 'My request to you is, make sure that we can go back to our homeland, war and attacks end; make sure that we can live in peace, without fear and far from attacks. Send us back to our homeland'Umit Bektas/Reuters

Six-year-old Gays Cardak is already planning to use what he learns at school in Yayladagi to help his country, shattered by nearly five years of war. "I'm going to be a doctor and an engineer. We the engineers will rebuild Syria, and I'll take the (soldiers) to hospital," he said.

Syrian children dream of home
Gays Cardak, 6, shows his drawing in a school library in the Yayladagi refugee campUmit Bektas/Reuters