KEPLER K2
This artistic impression shows Nasa's planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft. By analyzing data captured by the Kepler spacecraft, researchers have found three Earth-size planets orbiting a star only 150 light years awayNASA Ames/JPL-Caltech/T Pyle

Nasa's Kepler Spacecraft, which houses a telescope used for identifying habitable planets outside the solar system and is 75 million miles away from Earth, has reportedly gone into "emergency mode". Nasa engineers found that Kepler was in distress during a scheduled routine contact meeting on Thursday, 31 March.

Although the exact reason of the problem is unclear, Kepler mission control has declared a spacecraft emergency. This provides the spacecraft's team with priority access to ground-based communications at the agency's Deep Space Network at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

Safe mode

A statement on the official Nasa website confirms that the vessel is running on reserve power, and taking the craft out of its emergency mode remains a "top priority".

"Emergency mode is the lowest operational mode and is fuel intensive," said a spokesperson from the agency, whose headquarters are based in Washington, District of Colombia, US.

>Fixing the telescope from such a distance remains a huge challenge for engineers. Kepler is nearly as far away from the Earth, as the Earth is from the Sun. This means there is a long delay in radio communications between ground control and the telescope. <

"Even at the speed of light, it takes 13 minutes for a signal to travel to the spacecraft and back," Nasa's spokesperson told CNN.

The Kepler-69 system
Planets found in our solar system and the Kepler-69 system, which hosts Kepler 69c, that could host life, and Kepler 69bNasa

The Kepler Space Telescope is designed to search the Milky Way for stars that might be orbited by planets (exoplanets). During its first mission, completed in 2012, Kepler located more than 5,000 exoplanets. Now, nearly three years into its current mission, Kepler has found 1,000 more.

In January 2016, Kepler discovered that the star KIC 8462852 was dimming, which prompted theories that aliens were building a structure around the star.