A three-fingered salute borrowed from "The Hunger Games" has become a symbol of opposition to Thailand's military coup. In "The Hunger Games" books and films, the salute symbolises rebellion against totalitarian rule.

Thailand three fingers salute hunger games
Anti-coup protesters flash the three-fingered salute made famous by Katniss in "Hunger Games" during a gathering at a shopping mall in BangkokAFP

Colonel Weerachon Sukhondhapatipak said that authorities were "monitoring the movement" and would take action if the salute is performed in large groups. He said that if protesters ignore a warning to stop, "we will have to make an arrest".

Protesters at a shopping mall in Bangkok said the three fingers represented liberty, brotherhood and equality.

Katniss gives a three-fingered salute in
Katniss gives a three-fingered salute in "The Hunger Games" to symbolise rebellion against totalitarian ruleLionsgate
A protester against military rule gestures by holding up his three middle fingers in the air, as soldiers look on from an elevated walkway in Bangkok
A protester against military rule gestures by holding up his three middle fingers in the air, as soldiers look on from an elevated walkway in BangkokReuters
Protesters in a Bangkok shopping centre hold up their three middle fingers in the air
Protesters in a Bangkok shopping centre hold up their three middle fingers in the airReuters
A masked demonstrator gives a three-fingered salute during a brief protest against military rule at a shopping mall in Bangkok
A masked demonstrator gives a three-fingered salute during a brief protest against military rule at a shopping mall in BangkokReuters
Catniss? Anti-coup protesters wear paper bags with messages written on them as they flash a three-finger sign at a shopping mall in Bangkok
Catniss? Anti-coup protesters wear paper bags with messages written on them as they flash a three-finger sign at a shopping mall in BangkokReuters
One brave anti-coup protester flashes the salute in front of a line of policemen in Bangkok
One brave anti-coup protester flashes the salute in front of a line of policemen in BangkokAFP

Anti-coup protesters have found another way to express resistance – a "novel" form of resistance, perhaps.

About a dozen people sat down in the middle of a busy, elevated walkway in Bangkok and began reading books like George Orwell's "Nineteen Eighty-Four" — a dystopian novel about life in a totalitarian surveillance state.

"People are angry about this coup, but they can't express it," said a human rights activist who asked to be identified only by an alias, Mook, for fear of being detained. "So we were looking for an alternative way to resist, a way that is not confrontational," she said. "And one of those ways is reading."

Their defiance is found in the titles they chose. Among them: "Unarmed Insurrection", ''The Politics of Despotic Paternalism" and ''The Power of Non-Violent Means."

Protesters against military rule read subversive books as a silent protest on an elevated walkway in Bangkok
Protesters against military rule read subversive books as a silent protest on an elevated walkway in BangkokReuters
An anti-coup protester reads
An anti-coup protester reads "Noli me Tangere" (Touch me Not) by Jose Rizal, a book about resistance against European colonialism in the PhilippinesReuters
A protester against military rule reads a book on
A protester against military rule reads a book on "Unarmed Insurrections" on an elevated walkway in BangkokReuters

Since taking over, the military has made clear it will tolerate no dissent, and has launched a major campaign to silence critics and censor the media. The junta has warned all citizens against doing anything that might incite conflict, and the list of targets has been long.

At least 14 partisan TV networks have been shut down along with nearly 3,000 unlicensed community radio stations. Independent international TV channels like CNN and BBC have been blocked along with more than 300 web pages, including New York-based Human Rights Watch Thailand page.

Human rights organisations are concerned over how far the clampdown will go. Some have begun using encrypted chat apps on their smartphones, for fear of being monitored. And at least one major bookstore in Bangkok has pulled from its shelves political titles that could be deemed controversial.

A banner with a drawing depicting Thai army chief General Prayut Chan-O-Cha and a reference to George Orwell's dystopian novel
A banner with a drawing depicting Thai army chief General Prayut Chan-O-Cha and a reference to George Orwell's dystopian novel "1984" is displayed during a gathering at a shopping mall in BangkokAFP
Soldiers block the entrance to an elevated train station near a shopping mall where anti-coup protesters were gathered in Bangkok
Soldiers block the entrance to an elevated train station near a shopping mall where anti-coup protesters were gathered in BangkokReuters
The Bangkok Sky Train races by as the Thai military take over the streets surrounding the Victory Monument
The Bangkok Sky Train races by as the Thai military take over the streets surrounding the Victory MonumentAFP
A Thai police officer takes a selfie while taking up a position to stop protests against military rule in a shopping district of Bangkok
A Thai police officer takes a selfie while taking up a position to stop protests against military rule in a shopping district of BangkokReuters