Many young Muslim women living in Britain have, for various reasons, chosen to adopt the headscarf to proclaim their faith to all around them, despite figures showing rising violence against visibly identifiable Muslims.

Despite a common view that young Muslim women are forced to wear veils by men or their families, studies and research point to the opposite in Muslim minority countries where it is often the case that the women themselves choose to cover up.

Reuters photographer Olivia Harris took portraits of a range of Muslim women in Britain and asked them why they have chosen to wear the hijab or veil.

muslim women veil britain
Brenda gets her eyes tested in east London. She is originally from Mexico but converted from Catholicism when she came to London. Brenda has always lived a strictly religious life. She thought about becoming a nun before she realised she wanted children. She says: "I know I'm in a non-Muslim country and so I try to respect the rules. Sometimes people say nice things about my children or they smile at me and I try to smile back at them. I know they can't see my face but I hope they know I'm smiling with my eyes."Olivia Harris/Reuters

While just under five percent of Britain's 63 million population are Muslim, there are no official numbers on how many women wear a headscarf or head veil, known as the hijab, or the full-face veil, the niqab, which covers all the face except the eyes. The niqab is usually worn with a head-to-toe robe or abaya.

But anecdotally it seems in recent years that more young women are choosing to wear a headscarf to assert a Muslim identity they feel is under attack and to publicly display their beliefs.

When youth worker Sumreen Farooq was abused in a London street, the 18-year-old decided it was time to take a stand. "I'm going to stand out whatever I do, so I might as well wear the headscarf," said Farooq, a shop assistant who volunteers at an Islamic youth centre in Leyton, east London.

muslim women veil britain
Youth worker Sumreen, 18, teaches children a nasheed or Islamic religious song, at a youth centre in Leyton, east London. Sumreen first decided to wear the headscarf after a driver shouted racist abuse at her. She said "I'm going to stand out whatever I do, so I might as well wear the headscarf."Olivia Harris/Reuters

Shanza Ali, 25, a Masters graduate who works for a Muslim-led non-profit organisation in London, said she was born in Pakistan and her Pakistani mother had never worn the veil but both she and her sister Sundas, chose to do so aged about 20.

"I decided to make a commitment as a Muslim and I have never stopped since. Sometimes you forget that you're covering your hair but you never forget why you're covering. You remember, that to you, your character should be more important than your appearance.

"It makes it easier for Muslim women to keep away from things that you don't want to do that would impact your value system. If you don't want to go clubbing, drink, or have relations outside marriage, it can help, but it can also just be a reminder to be a good person and treat others well."

muslim women veil britain
Sundas, her mother Naheed and sister Shanza pose for a photograph at home in Walthamstow, east London. Sundas and Shanza started wearing the headscarf or hijab in opposition to their parents' wishes, particularly from their mother, who doesn't cover her head and didn't like their strict interpretation of Islam.Olivia Harris/Reuters
muslim women veil britain
Sundas wears a Pakistani wedding veil ahead of her traditional Islamic wedding blessing held at home in Walthamstow, east London.Olivia Harris/Reuters
muslim women veil britain
Sundas's grandmother, Bashir wishes her luck before her wedding blessingOlivia Harris/Reuters

Shaista Gohir, chairman of the Muslim Women's Network UK, said more women had adopted headscarves since the terrorist attacks in the United States on September 11, 2001, and in London on July 7, 2005, put them under greater political and public scrutiny.

But women who publicly display their religion by wearing a scarf of any kind have found they can be targeted for doing so. There was a spike in such reports in the weeks following the murder of off-duty soldier Lee Rigby in south London in May last year by two British Muslim converts.

muslim women veil britain
Ameera, 12, first wore the hijab as part of her primary school uniform. She started to wear it permanently aged nine because most of her friends wore the hijab. Her mother would tell her "You don't have to wear it. You're still young!" She loves to wear the hijab and has as many as 60 or 70 different scarves  Olivia Harris/Reuters
muslim women veil britain
Yasmin, 16, pushes Hana, also 16, on a swing after finishing a GCSE exam near their school in Hackney. Hana started wearing her headscarf aged 12. She was already wearing it at school and her family supported her so it was easy for her to make the decision. She says if felt like nothing had changed except her relationship with God  Olivia Harris/Reuters
muslim women veil britain
Madiha, 12, and Afsha, 11, pose for a picture outside London Mosque in west London. Madiha and Afsha started to wear the hijab around the age of 8. They wear the hijab for religious observance, modesty and to protect themselves  Olivia Harris/Reuters
muslim women veil britain
Sanaa, 10, and her sister Israa, 7, get ready for Islamic school in Leyton, east London. Sanaa wears the hijab on Saturday mornings when she attends Islamic school and occasionally wears the hijab for school. Dalila, Sanaa's mother, says "she may start to wear the headscarf every day next year. Sanaa will decide for herself when she's ready to wear it every day."Olivia Harris/Reuters