One of the most iconic cars in the history of motor racing is expected to become the most expensive car in the world when it goes on sale in Paris on 5 February. The 1957 Ferrari 335 S Sport Scaglietti, once driven to victory by British Formula 1 champion Stirling Moss at the Cuban Grand Prix in 1958, is expected to fetch €28m to €30m (£21.3m-22.8m).

1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
1957 Ferrari 315 335 S Scaglietti Sport, Collection BardinonArtcurial, Christian Martin

The car left the workshops at the start of 1957 with a 3.8-litre V12 Tipo 140 engine (315 S) that produced around 360 bhp. In March of that year, it finished sixth in the Sebring 12 Hours, driven by Peter Collins and Maurice Trintignant. In May, it finished second in the Mille Miglia, driven by Wolfgang von Trips. On being returned to the factory, its engine size was increased to 4.1 litres, therefore becoming a 335S. With close to 400 bhp, the car could reach 300km/h.

Mike Hawthorn (who would become Formula 1 champion in 1958) and Luigi Musso set the first lap record in the history of the Le Mans 24 Hours of over 200km/h (203.015km/h average speed) but unfortunately the car retired with mechanical problems. It then finished fourth in the Swedish Grand Prix and second in the Venezuela Grand Prix, helping Ferrari to win the World Constructors' Title in 1957. On 24 February 1958, with Masten Gregory and Stirling Moss at the wheel, the car won the Cuban Grand Prix, before being sold in 1960 to Robert N Dusek, an American architect.

1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
Wolfgang von Trips, Mille Miglia 1957Ted Walker, Ferret Fotographic
1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
Le Mans, 22 June 1957Artcurial

In 1970, the car was sold to renowned collector Pierre Bardinon, who assembled some 50 Ferraris including the most successful and most famous models in the history of the marque. Kept as part of his private collection for more than 40 years, the car has been used and maintained regularly and is in excellent condition.

1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
1957 Ferrari 315 335 S Scaglietti Sport, Collection BardinonArtcurial, Christian Martin
1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
1957 Ferrari 315 335 S Scaglietti Sport, Collection BardinonArtcurial, Christian Martin
1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
1957 Ferrari 315 335 S Scaglietti Sport, Collection BardinonArtcurial, Christian Martin
1957 Ferrari 335 S Spider Scaglietti
1957 Ferrari 315 335 S Scaglietti Sport, Collection BardinonArtcurial, Christian Martin

While the Ferrari is the undoubted star of the show, hundreds of other classic cars are up for sale at the 2016 Retromobile auction, including what many consider to be the most beautiful of all GT cars. A 1963 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Berlinetta, the last example of the legendary model to be produced, is estimated to fetch up to €12m. The car has exceptional provenance, having been in the hands of the Swiss collector Antoine Midy since 1989. Kept by his family since his death, this masterpiece with matching numbers and colours, has not been seen on the market for some 30 years.

Retromobile 2016
1963 Ferrari 250 GT SWB Berlinetta. Estimate: €9,000,000-12,000,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
1986 Ferrari Testarossa Spider Valeo. Estimate: €680,000-900,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
1960 Maserati 3500 GT Vignale Spyder 'Long bonnet'. Estimate: €500,000-700,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
1939 Citroën Traction 11 B cabriolet. Estimate: €140,000-200,000. No reserveArtcurial
Retromobile 2016
1939 Citroën Traction cabriolet 11 BL. Estimate: €80,000-100,000. No reserveArtcurial
Retromobile 2016
1999 Bugatti EB112 Berline. This concept car, one of only two built, was shown at the 1993 Geneva Motor Show but never reached production. Estimate: N/AArtcurial
Retromobile 2016
1995 Bugatti EB110 Super Sport. One of just 31 built. First appearing in 1992, this model produced 603bhp, was capable of a top speed of 355 km/h and travelled from 0 to 100 km/h in 3.26 seconds. Estimate: €800,000-1,200,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
1962 Alfa Romeo Giulietta Sprint Zagato 'Coda Tronca'. Estimate: €580,000-720,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
1974 Alpine V6 Poisson Dieppois. Estimate: €200,000-300,000Artcurial
Retromobile 2016
The Renault Étoile Filante (Shooting Star), which set a land speed world record for turbine engined cars of 191mph (307.4km/h) in 1956Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1975 Lamborghini Countach LP 400 coupé 'Periscopio', Estimate: €1,200,00-1,500,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1920 Bugatti Type 13. Estimate €360,000-420,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1931/2012 Bucciali - Cord Type L29 modifié. Estimate €500,000-700,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1927 Amilcar CGSs Biplace SportJacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1963 Renault Dauphine and R5Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1971 Citroën M35 prototype n°417. Estimate: €15,000-20,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1939 Peugeot 202 Cabriolet. Estimate: €18,000-24,000. 1955 Peugeot 203 C cabriolet. Estimate: €60,000-80,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP
Retromobile 2016
1949 Georges Irat cabriolet par Labourdette. Estimate: €50,000-100,000Jacques Demarthon/AFP

The Retromobile auction by Artcurial Motorcars will be held in Paris from 3 to 5 February.