More than a quarter of a million Romanians took part in one of the largest protests seen against the Romanian government in Bucharest and other towns across the nation on Wednesday (1 February 2017), after a government decree was passed that could free dozens of officials previously jailed for corruption.

Romania protests
Thousands of people taking part in a demonstration in Bucharest on 1 February 2017Andrei Pungobschi/AFP

Demonstrations against the decree have taken place all week, and saw women, men and children filling the streets of the Romanian capital and marching towards the government building. Some held placards reading "89", referring the 1989 Romanian Revolution that toppled late dictator Nicolae Ceausescu. "We came to protect our country against criminals; who tried to dismiss the rule of law in Romania, to protect our rights and interests, not theirs," a protester told Reuters, during the rally.

Police arrested dozens of football fans in the city square after many other protesters left, teargassing hundreds of them after they threw fireworks and stones at riot officers.

Romania protests
People throwing snow towards riot police as they demonstrate in front of Romanian government headquartersDaniel Mihailescu/AFP
Romania protests
A gendarme pepper sprays demonstrators forcing entrance to government headquarters as they demonstrate against controversial decrees to pardon corrupt politicians and decriminalise other offencesDaniel Mihailescu/AFP
Romania protests
Romanian riot police evacuating a protester during a demonstration in BucharestDaniel Mihailescu/AFP
Romania protests
Riot police detaining protestersAndrei Pungobschi/AFP
Romania protests
Romanian police detaining protestersOctav Ganea/Reuters
Romania protests
A man holding a placard reading '89' , in reference to the 1989 Romanian Revolution that toppled late dictator Nicolae Ceausescu, during a demonstration in front of Romanian Government headquartersDaniel Mihailescu/AFP

If applied, the decree would apply to ongoing corruption probes and new cases, and would effectively throw out the trial of the ruling Social Democrat Party's leader, Liviu Dragnea, who is accused of abusing his power to secure state wages for people working for his party. The ruling government of Prime Minister Sorin Griendenau also approved a draft bill to grant prison pardons, saying it could thin out overcrowded prisons – a claim that critics and legions of protesters have called an attempt to free corrupt allies of the prime minister.

Six countries, including Germany and the US, have issued warnings that the decree would damage Romania's global reputation and its EU and Nato membership.

Romania protests
Romanian riot police firing tear gas to disperse people taking part in a protest in front of the government headquarters in BucharestDaniel Mihailescu/AFP
Romania protests
A flare thrown by protesters lands near Romanian policeOctav Ganea/Reuters
Romania protests
Romanian riot police standing guard as people demonstrate in front of the government headquarters in BucharestDaniel Mihailescu/AFP
Romania protests
A man holds a Romanian national flag during a demonstration in BucharestAndrei Pungobschi/AFP
Romania protests
A woman demonstrating in BucharestAndrei Pungobschi/AFP
Romania protests
People demonstrating in BucharestAndrei Pungobschi/AFP
Romania protests
A protestor sitting on the groundOctav Ganea/Reuters