Marriage
Spain set to raise the minimum age of marriage from 14 to 16 Getty

Spain looks set to raise the minimum marrying age from 14 to 16 over concerns the current laws leave children open to exploitation and forced marriage.

Under current legislation, 14-year-olds can legally marry with permission from a judge, with 16-year-olds needing parental permission to wed. Anyone over the age of 18 can marry in Spain.

Spain's parliamentary justice commission has now approved a new law to raise the minimum age to 16 with permission from a judge or parents. The legislation is now expected to be debated in the senate.

Children's rights group Unicef in Spain has campaigned for years to raise the minimum marriage age in the country. Gabriel González-Bueno, of Unicef in Spain, said children, especially girls, are more likely to have their lives severely disrupted by marrying at a young age.

He told the Guardian: "In general, we see a gender imbalance in these marriages, with the girls more likely to be younger than the boys.

"These marriages, particularly in the case of young girls, often lead to an interruption of their studies."

In the first half of 2014, four girls and four boys got married in Spain aged 14, and a further nine girls and eight boys wed at 15.

This is a significant increase from 2013, when only one 14-year-old girl and one 15-year-old boy were married.

González-Bueno believes this increase is due "anticipation of the reforms being passed" as Spain first announced its intentions to change the laws two years ago.

Spain previously raised the age of consent in the country from 13 to 16, bringing it in line with European countries such as the UK, Russia, Norway and Belgium. When it was 13, Spain's age of consent was one of the lowest in the world.

In Europe, the minimum age differs on whether parental consent is needed and on individual country's laws.

In Greece, there are no age restrictions as to when a person can get married if there are factors involved such as a pregnancy. In countries such as France or Romania, the minimum age with or without consent is 18.

Elsewhere in the world, a bride in South Africa can get married with parental consent aged 15, but cannot get married without until she is 21.

A 12-year-old bride can get married in Uruguay with parental consent, and in Columbia both the bridge and groom can get married with consent if they are 14 years old.

Minimum legal age of marriage (stats via United Nation Demographic Yearbook 2014)

Country or area Male (with parental consent) Female (with parental consent) Male (without parental consent) Female (without parental consent)
Albania 18 16 18 18
Austria 16 16 18 18
Belarus 18 18
Belgium 16 16 18 18
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18 18
Bulgaria 16 16 18 18
Croatia 16 16 18 18
Czech Republic 16 16 18 18
Denmark 15 15 18 18
Estonia 15 15 18 18
Finland 18 18
France 18 18
Germany 16 16 18 18
Gibraltar 16 16 18 18
Greece 18 18
Hungary 16 16 18 18
Iceland 18 18
Ireland 18 18
Isle of Man 16 16 18 18
Italy 16 16 18 18
Jersey 16 16 18 18
Latvia 16 16 18 18
Liechtenstein 18 18
Lithuania 15 15 18 18
Luxembourg 18 16
Malta 16 16
Montenegro 16 16 18 18
Netherlands 16 16 18 18
Norway 16 16 18 18
Poland 18 18
Portugal 16 16 18 18
Republic of Moldova 18 16
Romania 18 18
Russian Federation 16 16 18 18
Serbia 16 16 18 18
Slovakia 16 16
Slovenia 15 15 18 18
Spain (currently) 14 (currently) 14 18 18
Sweden 18 18
Switzerland 16 16 18 18
TFYR of Macedonia 16 16 18 18
Ukraine 15 18 17
UK 16 16 18 18