Some groups of rebels in Syria are using home-made weapons in their fight against President Bashar al-Assad's forces.

A fighter from the Tawhid Brigade turns domestic gas canisters into homemade rockets for use against the 80th Brigade base in Aleppo

Mortar shells are turned on lathes in factories and fired using a variety of improvised launchers. Homemade grenades are launched from giant catapults. Some enterprising rebel groups ahve even built their own armoured vehicles.

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Sham II, a home-made armoured vehicle made by the rebels' Al-Ansar brigade, near Aleppo
sham ii screen
A Syrian rebel uses a PlayStation controller to navigate Sham II using screens showing the view of the homemade armoured vehicle's cameras

The rebels do have an arsenal of conventional munitions – either captured from the Syrian army or supplied by sympathetic foreign countries. But there is also a thriving cottage industry making additional weapons out of whatever is available.

In this gallery we look at some of the homemade munitions used by the Free Syrian Army.

A Free Syrian Army fighter displays homemade bombs made from ornamental Christmas balls in Aleppo
Free Syrian Army fighters prepare an improvised mortar launcher in Aleppo's Bustan al-Basha district
mortar car
A mortar attached to a car
grenade slingshot
A Free Syrian Army fighter lights a homemade grenade before launching it on a catapult in the direction of forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad in Aleppo's Karm al-Jabal district
gun camera
A member of the Free Syrian Army takes aim in Deir al-Zor
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Rebel fighters fire rockets from a handmade weapon launcher
An improvised mortar shell made on an ordinary workshop lathe
A rebel fighter prepares improvised mortar shells at his Aleppo workshop
A Free Syrian Army fighter makes improvised mortar shells
A rebel fighter loads a rocket onto a rickety home-made launcher in the eastern Syrian town of Deir Ezzor
basic launcher
Free Syrian Army fighters improvise a very basic rocket launcher
wrocket message
A member of the Free Syrian Army writes the name of a fellow fighter on a homemade rocket in Deir al-Zor
Free Syrian Army fighters build an improvised military cannon, in Binnish in Idlib province
Fighters from the Amjad al-Islam brigades stand by an improvised artillery weapon in eastern al-Ghouta
Homemade grenades on a table
shot gun
Fighters from the Free Syrian Army's Tahrir al Sham brigade use a shotgun to fire an improvised grenade