Some groups of rebels in Syria are using home-made weapons in their fight against President Bashar al-Assad's forces.
A fighter from the Tawhid Brigade turns domestic gas canisters into homemade rockets for use against the 80th Brigade base in AleppoReuters
Mortar shells are turned on lathes in factories and fired using a variety of improvised launchers. Homemade grenades are launched from giant catapults. Some enterprising rebel groups ahve even built their own armoured vehicles.
Sham II, a home-made armoured vehicle made by the rebels' Al-Ansar brigade, near AleppoAFP
A Syrian rebel uses a PlayStation controller to navigate Sham II using screens showing the view of the homemade armoured vehicle's camerasAFP
The rebels do have an arsenal of conventional munitions – either captured from the Syrian army or supplied by sympathetic foreign countries. But there is also a thriving cottage industry making additional weapons out of whatever is available.
In this gallery we look at some of the homemade munitions used by the Free Syrian Army.
A Free Syrian Army fighter displays homemade bombs made from ornamental Christmas balls in AleppoReuters
Free Syrian Army fighters prepare an improvised mortar launcher in Aleppo's Bustan al-Basha districtReuters
A mortar attached to a carReuters
A Free Syrian Army fighter lights a homemade grenade before launching it on a catapult in the direction of forces loyal to Syria's President Bashar al-Assad in Aleppo's Karm al-Jabal districtReuters
A member of the Free Syrian Army takes aim in Deir al-ZorReuters
Rebel fighters fire rockets from a handmade weapon launcherReuters
An improvised mortar shell made on an ordinary workshop latheAFP
A rebel fighter prepares improvised mortar shells at his Aleppo workshopAFP
A Free Syrian Army fighter makes improvised mortar shellsReuters
A rebel fighter loads a rocket onto a rickety home-made launcher in the eastern Syrian town of Deir EzzorAFP
Free Syrian Army fighters improvise a very basic rocket launcherReuters
A member of the Free Syrian Army writes the name of a fellow fighter on a homemade rocket in Deir al-ZorReuters
Free Syrian Army fighters build an improvised military cannon, in Binnish in Idlib provinceReuters
Fighters from the Amjad al-Islam brigades stand by an improvised artillery weapon in eastern al-GhoutaReuters
Homemade grenades on a tableReuters
Fighters from the Free Syrian Army's Tahrir al Sham brigade use a shotgun to fire an improvised grenadeReuters