White-lipped peccarie
White-lipped peccarie (Tayassu pecari).The Field Museum

Scientists have, for the first time, explored a remote part of the Peruvian Amazon and captured photos of its diverse wildlife. Almost 2,000 species were documented over 17 days, with 19 of these believed to be new to science.

The expedition to Medio Putumayo-Algodón saw 25 researchers from the Field Museum, Chicago, carry out a wildlife 'check up'. Their aim is to provide the Peruvian government with an update on the area's biodiversity, which it can use to plan future conservational programmes. They used 14 camera traps to take candid shots and also used a drone to capture aerial footage of the rainforest - a landscape that was, previously, only accessible by helicopter.

"No scientists have ever explored this area, let alone document it with cameras and drones," said Jon Markel, a researcher working on the project. "These images are the first time this remote wilderness and the species that call it home are being recorded for science."

While in the rainforest, they captured photographs of giant armadillos, anteaters, ocelots, peccaries and many more. Their photos include a crab-eating raccoon, a Salvin's Curassow, and a Jaguarundi moving through the bushes.

The scientists recorded 1,820 fish, amphibian, reptile, plant, bird, and mammal species. The region was found to have the largest number of frogs and snakes than any other biodiversity expedition carried out by the Field Museum. Scientists also documented large peat deposits and clay licks, both of which provides salt to the local wildlife.

At present, this part of the rainforest is currently under threat from illegal logging and mining, and a proposed road could divide the wildlife habitats. The team said this highlights the need for an understanding of the wildlife living there. "You can't argue for the protection of an area without knowing what is there," said research director Corine Vriesendorp. "We discovered an intact forest inhabited by indigenous people for centuries and teeming with wildlife. We want it to survive and thrive long after our cameras are gone."

Tayra
Tayra (Eira barbara).The Field Museum
Drone footage of Peruvian Amazon rainforest.The Field Museum
red brocket deer
Red brocket deer (Mazama americana).The Field Museum
Crab-eating raccoon
Crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus).The Field Museum
Pacas
Pacas (Cuniculus paca).The Field Museum
Nocturnal Curassow
Nocturnal Curassow (Nothocrax urumutum).The Field Museum
Ocelots
Ocelots (Leopardus pardalis).The Field Museum
Salvin’s Curassow
Salvin’s Curassow (Mitu salvini).The Field Museum
giant armadillo
A giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus).The Field Museum
Grey-winged Trumpeter
Grey-winged Trumpeter (Psophia crepitans).The Field Museum
Giant anteater
Giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla).The Field Museum
Jaguarundi
Jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi).The Field Museum
South American tapir
South American tapir (Tapirus terrestris).The Field Museum
Spix’s Guan
Spix’s Guan (Penelope jacquacu).The Field Museum