Top 10 Whaling Countries in the World
Workers butcher a Baird's Beaked whale at Wada port in Minamiboso, southeast of Tokyo  Reuters

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) recently ordered Japan to halt its controversial Antarctic whaling program. The court in The Hague, Netherlands, ruled that Tokyo's Jarpa II whaling program was not being carried out for scientific purposes.

Japan is the biggest culprit of whaling but not the only one. Which other countries are involved in Whaling? IBTimesUK lists the big whale hunters.

1) Japan

Japan Whaling Asia
Workers butcher a Baird's Beaked whale at Wada port in Minamiboso, southeast of Tokyo  Reuters

After an International Whaling Committee (IWC) ban in 1986 on commercial whaling, Japan launched its scientific whaling program, the one which has recently been halted by the ICJ.

As the biggest killer of whales, Japan sells whale meat in food markets after killing up to 1000 whales in the Southern Ocean while, in the North Pacific, up to 360 whales of different species are killed and sold on.

2) Norway

Norway Whaling
Norwegian whalers carve up the carcass of a whale off the coast of northern NorwayReuters

In 1993, Norway objected to IWC's whaling ban and continued their whale hunt operations. The number of whales that Norway allows itself to capture has risen steadily over the last decade, from 671 minke whales in 2002 to over 1,000 in 2013. However, they usually catch only half of this total.

3) Iceland

Iceland Whaling Whales Animal Rights Hunt
The carcass of a Fin whale is tied to a whaling ship as it anchors near a processing plant in Hvalfjordur, IcelandReuters

Iceland stopped whaling in 1989, but in 2003 it resumed scientific whaling and began commercial whaling in 2006. Its quota from IWC is 216 whales a year. In 2010, Icelandic whalers killed 148 endangered fin whales, according to the International Fund for Animal Welfare.

4) Greenland

Whaling Greenland
Fishermen sell whale meat and blubber on the street outside a local supermarket in Tasiilaq, GreenlandReuters

Greenlandic Inuit whalers hunt and catch 175 whales every year, the third largest behind Japan and Norway. 160 whales are taken from the more densely populated west coast while around ten are taken from the east coast.

5) Canada

Canada Whale Meat Inuit
British Columbia Premier Gordon Campbell (top L) and Yukon Premier Dennis Fentie (2nd L) watch as Inuit men prepare whale and seal meat for a community meal, while touring Pangnirtung, NunavutReuters

Whaling in Canada is predominantly carried out in small numbers by Inuit groups. Whale meat is sold in shops and supermarkets in northern Canada where it serves as a staple of the Inuit diet.

6) United States

Whaling United States
A humpback whale dives in the waters of Prince William Sound near the town of Valdez, AlaskaReuters

Whaling in the US involves nine indigenous Alaskan communities where the hunts catch 50 whales a year with a total whale population of 10,500.

7) Russia

Putin Russia Whaling
Russia's Prime Minister Vladimir Putin fires darts with a crossbow at an endangered grey whale from a motorboat in Olga Bay in the Sea of JapanReuters

Russians in the country's Far East are permitted by IWC to hunt for and catch up to 140 gray whales from the population every year.

8) South Korea

South Korea Whaling
Environmental activists demonstrate with a mock whale, during a protest against South Korean government plans to resume hunting whales for research purposes in central SeoulReuters

South Africa undertakes scientific whaling in its own waters by right. The country's leaders see the hunting and eating of whale meat as deeply entrenched in South Korean history.

9) Faroe Islands

Whaling faroe Islands
Inhabitants of Faroe Islands catch and slaughter pilot whales during the traditional 'Grindadrap' (whale hunting in Faroese) near Sandur on Sandoy islandReuters

Approximately 950 whales are caught in the summer annually in a hunt known as Grindadrap. The hunt is seen as an important aspect of Faroese culture and history.

10) Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Ralph Gonsalves eats soup given to him by a supporter during a visit to an area affected by landslides and flooding in South RiversReuters

Residents of the Carribbean islands have a quota of four humpback whales a year from the International Whaling Commission (IWC).