Violent protests have erupted again in Burundi. In the Musaga area of the capital, armed soldiers faced off with hundreds of angry protesters calling on President Pierre Nkurunziza to rescind his decision to run for a third term.

An Associated Press reporter saw two soldiers firing live rounds into a crowd of protesters, who repeatedly shouted, "Shoot us". The soldiers are reportedly armed with machine guns and rocket-propelled grenade launchers.

There was no police presence, signalling the army has now taken over operations against demonstrators.

Mohammed Nibaruta, an opposition activist, said: "The government is going to use live bullets but this will not stop protesters from coming to the streets tomorrow and the day after until Nkurunziza withdraws his candidacy."

burundi coup attempt
Protesters demonstrate in the Musaga neighbourhood of Bujumbura after the failed coup, despite warnings from the governmentCarl de Souza/AFP
burundi coup attempt
Protesters run as soldiers fire shots during a demonstration in BujumburaCarl de Souza/AFP
burundi coup attempt
Burundian soldiers argue amongst themselves after shots were fired during a demonstration in the Musaga neighbourhood of BujumburaCarl de Souza/AFP

These scenes were in contrast to those that took place three days earlier, when Nkurunziza returned to Burundi from an African summit in Tanzania.

Hundreds of people lined the streets carrying flags and cheering as his motorcade made its way to the capital from his rural home.

burundi coup attempt
A man holds a CNDD-FDD party flag as people in the Kamenge quarter of Bujumbura celebrate the return of the Burundian president after a failed coup attemptJennifer Huxta/AFP
burundi coup attempt
People sing and dance as the returning Burundian president is driven to the Presidential PalaceJennifer Huxta/AFP
burundi coup attempt
Supporters of Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza dance during a rally in BujumburaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters

On Sunday (18 May) Nkurunziza made his first public appearance in the capital Bujumbura since the failed coup attempt.

At a news conference, Nkurunziza did not address the crisis in his country but said he was "very preoccupied" by the threat posed by the al-Qaeda-linked militant group al-Shabaab.

A spokesman for the Islamist group said Nkurunziza's remarks were "dumbfounding" and said the problems in Burundi were "clearly domestic".

"We think that this is an attempt by him to appease his people, who are standing in the streets protesting against his dictatorship, or to divert the world's attention from him while he possibly prepares his mass revenge," Sheikh Ali Mahamud Rage said in a statement to Reuters.

burundi coup attempt
Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza greets journalists at the beginning of a news conference at the heavily guarded presidential offices in BujumburaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
Burundi president
Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza makes his first official appearance since the attempted coup, at the President's office in BujumburaCarl de Souza/AFP
burundi coup attempt
Soldiers guarding Burundi's President Pierre Nkurunziza hold their weapons in BujumburaGoran Tomasevic/Reuters
burundi coup attempt
A soldier escorting President Nkurunziza after he gave a speech at the presidential offices mans a weaponGoran Tomasevic/Reuters

More than 105,000 people have fled Burundi since violence erupted after President Pierre Nkurunziza announced he will seek a third term in office. Tanzanian authorities have said that more than 50,000 Burundians are living rough on the shore of Lake Tanganyika.

burundi coup attempt
Burundian refugees gather on the shores of Lake Tanganyika as they wait for a boat to transport them to KigomaThomas Mukoya/Reuters
burundi coup attempt
A Tanzanian policeman watches over Burundian refugees gathering on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in western TanzaniaThomas Mukoya/Reuters

Most of the refugees at a makeshift camp in Kagunga are women and children who have been sleeping out in the rain, according to UNHCR officials. They are squeezed into a confined space with a shortage of latrines and drinking water in a village that is normally home to 12,000 people.

Aid agencies warn of mounting tension with local people and fear of disease. The UN refugee agency said seven refugees in the camp had died of severe diarrhoea – two cases were suspected to have been caused by cholera.

burundi coup attempt
A man carries his sick child at a makeshift clinic on the shores of Lake TanganyikaThomas Mukoya/Reuters
burundi coup attempt
A woman and her son wait for a boat to transport them across the lakeThomas Mukoya/Reuters
burundi coup attempt
A sick Burundian refugee is carried from her makeshift shelter on the shores of Lake TanganyikaThomas Mukoya/Reuters

A 100-year-old German boat transports 1,200 refugees a day from the makeshift camp to the Tanzanian port of Kigoma, but it cannot keep up with some 2,000 daily arrivals. Those refugees that make the crossing are then taken by truck to the Nyarugusu refugee camp.

burundi refugees
Burundian refugees travel across Lake Tanganyika to Kigoma townshipThomas Mukoya/Reuters

UNHCR spokeswoman Karin De Gruijl said: "People seem to be mostly fleeing because of fear, because they have seen family members disappear, they have received threats mostly from a political nature. There is also a lot of criminality coming up, so there will be also militias just looking for a quick bribe, trying to prevent people from leaving."