state opening of parliament
The Queen and Prince Philip leave Buckingham Palace in the Diamond Jubilee State Coach to travel to the Houses of ParliamentJustin Tallis/AFP
state opening of parliament
A horse rears up as a carriage leaves Buckingham Palace for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament in the Diamond Jubilee State CoachPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The carriage procession heads up the Mall from Buckingham Palace for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen's carriage travels up the Mall from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
Prince Charles is driven by carriage from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Imperial State Crown is driven by carriage from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The carriage carrying the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh arrives at the Houses of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
The Queen, accompanied by her husband Prince Philip, arrives for the State Opening of Parliament at the Houses of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
The Prince of Wales of the Duchess of Cornwall arrive for the State Opening of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
Members of the Queen's bodyguard, known as gentlemen at arms, await the arrival of the monarchRichard Pohle/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Yeoman warders take part in the traditional ceremonial search of the chambersRichard Pohle/Pool
state opening of parliament
Members of the House of Lords, including Lord Michael Grade, gather to watch the ceremonial search ahead of the State Opening of Parliament, in the House of Lords at the Palace of WestminsterRichard Pohle/Pool
state opening of parliament
Black Rod knocks on the door to the House of CommonsStefan Rousseau/Pool
state opening of parliament
Black Rod, David Leakey, processes though the central lobby during the State Opening of ParliamentDan Kitwood/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
Prime Minister David Cameron, Chancellor George Osborne and acting Labour leader Harriet Harman arrive for the State Opening of Parliament in the House of LordsStefan Rousseau/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Imperial State Crown is carried during the State Opening of ParliamentEddie Mulholland/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen, now wearing the Imperial State Crown, proceeds through the Royal Gallery before the State Opening of Parliament in the House of LordsSuzanne Plunkett/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen, accompanied by Prince Philip, passes through the Royal Gallery during the State Opening of ParliamentGeoff Pugh/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen and Prince Philip, and Prince Charles and Camilla, proceed through the Royal GallerySuzanne Plunkett/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The royals pass through the Royal Gallery during the State Opening of ParliamentGeoff Pugh/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen, sitting next to her husband, delivers her government's plansAlastair Grant/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen delivers the Queen's Speech next to Prince Phillip in the House of LordsBen Stansall/AFP
state opening of parliament
The Queen shakes hands with the Leader of the House of Commons Chris Grayling as she leaves through the Norman Porch of the House of Commons following the State Opening of Parliament in the House of LordsSteve Parson/Pool
state opening of parliament
Mayor of London Boris Johnson arrives in the House of Commons chamber following the State Opening of ParliamentStefan Rousseau/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen and Prince Philip return by carriage to Buckingham Palace after the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters

The Queen set off for the Palace of Westminster in her Diamond Jubilee State Coach for the State Opening of Parliament, an annual blend of politics and pomp replete with gilded throne, diamond-studded crown and officials in antiquated garb.

In the annual ritual, members of Parliament headed from the House of Commons to the House of Lords to hear the Queen's speech.

In keeping with tradition Black Rod, the Queen's representative, summoned the MPs and the door was slammed in his face to symbolise the Commons' independence. He then banged on the door with his rod three times before he was allowed in and the MPs filed into the Lords.

state opening of parliament
The Queen and Prince Philip leave Buckingham Palace in the Diamond Jubilee State Coach to travel to the Houses of ParliamentJustin Tallis/AFP
state opening of parliament
A horse rears up as a carriage leaves Buckingham Palace for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament in the Diamond Jubilee State CoachPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The carriage procession heads up the Mall from Buckingham Palace for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen's carriage travels up the Mall from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
Prince Charles is driven by carriage from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament for the State Opening of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Imperial State Crown is driven by carriage from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of ParliamentPeter Nicholls/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The carriage carrying the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh arrives at the Houses of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
The Queen, accompanied by her husband Prince Philip, arrives for the State Opening of Parliament at the Houses of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
The Prince of Wales of the Duchess of Cornwall arrive for the State Opening of ParliamentCarl Court/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
The Yeoman warders take part in the traditional ceremonial search of the chambersRichard Pohle/Pool
state opening of parliament
Members of the House of Lords, including Lord Michael Grade, gather to watch the ceremonial search ahead of the State Opening of Parliament, in the House of Lords at the Palace of WestminsterRichard Pohle/Pool
state opening of parliament
Black Rod, David Leakey, processes though the central lobby during the State Opening of ParliamentDan Kitwood/Getty Images
state opening of parliament
Prime Minister David Cameron, Chancellor George Osborne and acting Labour leader Harriet Harman arrive for the State Opening of Parliament in the House of LordsStefan Rousseau/Pool
state opening of parliament
The Queen, now wearing the Imperial State Crown, proceeds through the Royal Gallery before the State Opening of Parliament in the House of LordsSuzanne Plunkett/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen and Prince Philip, and Prince Charles and Camilla, proceed through the Royal GallerySuzanne Plunkett/Reuters
state opening of parliament
The Queen, sitting next to her husband, delivers her government's plansAlastair Grant/Pool

The Queen's Speech, delivered by the monarch but written by the government, included legislation to cap welfare benefits, freeze some taxes for five years and hold a vote on EU membership by the end of 2017 — all key Conservative election promises.

Other laws the Queen outlined include a crackdown on illegal immigration, more powers for Scotland and a bill preventing any rise in key taxes before 2020.