One year ago, on 25 April 2015, a 7.9 magnitude earthquake destroyed vast areas of Nepal, killing almost 9,000 people and injuring more than 21,000. The quake flattened houses in Kathmandu and surrounding areas, leaving hundreds of thousands homeless, and caused landslides and avalanches in the Himalayas.
A woman searches for her belongings among the debris of her house. David Ramos/ Getty Images
A collapsed house is pictured after the 25 April earthquake in Kathmandu Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters People search for their belongings in the rubble of houses, collapsed by an earthquake at Bhaktapur. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters Collapsed houses are pictured in Bhaktapur. Navesh Chitrakar/Reuters Villagers stand among the debris of their flattened houses in the village of Hulchuk. David Ramos/Getty Images People wave after collecting aid dropped by an Indian Army helicopter in Khanigaun, Nuwakot District. David Ramos/Getty Images
The earthquake hit the Himalayan country at approximately 11:46 local time on 25 April 2015, with tremors so strong that it has become the worst natural disaster Nepal has seen since the 1934 Nepal-Bihar earthquake, which then saw a death toll of an estimated 8,519 people. An injured boy sleeps on the ground outside the overcrowded hospital in Dhading Besi. Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters Residents use a bamboo pole to remove debris from the roof of a damaged house in Kathmandu. Chris McGrath/Getty Images Dhanjay Kami, 84, is moved to a bed at a hospital in Kathmandu to be treated for injuries sustained in the earthquake. Prakash Singh/AFP Anita, 14, mourns next to her father's body after it was recovered by a rescue team from a collapsed building in Kathmandu. Adnan Abidi/Reuters An aerial view of earthquake-damaged houses in Nuwakot, through a helicopter's porthole window. Danish Siddiqui/Reuters Rishi Khanal is carried on a stretcher by Nepali police after being rescued from a damaged building in Kathmandu by French rescue teams. Danish Siddiqui/Reuters A Nepalese army personnel holds the baby of an earthquake victim who was airlifted from Sindhupalchok district to Kathmandu. Navesh Chitrakar/Reuters A young girl waits to be evacuated from Kathmandu by bus. Chris McGrath/Getty Images
Mount Everest saw an avalanche that buried a section of base camp, packed with foreign climbers, preparing to make their summit attempts. Mountain rescue teams used helicopters to airlift climbers stranded at high altitude on Mount Everest. Survivors told of a cloud of rock and ice that smashed into base camp.
People look at snow-covered tents after an avalanche triggered by an earthquake flattened parts of Everest Base Camp. Roberto Schmidt/AFP
26 April 2015: Nepalese rescue personnel work to free a survivor, lying next to a dead man in Swayambhu, Kathmandu. Prakash Mathema/AFP Abhishek Tamang, 4, receives medical treatment at a hospital in Dhading Besi, Nepal. Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters On the remote mountainsides of the Gorkha district, close to the epicentre of the earthquake, entire communities and homes were reduced to piles of stones and splintered wood. However, the death toll in many villages was lower than originally feared, as most people were working outdoors when the quake struck.
Helicopters were later sent to the remote areas, distributing food and water from the sky.
An elderly earthquake survivor looks on as relief supplies arrive (L), A young earthquake survivor sleeps in a cot both in Kerauja village, Gorkha district. Phillipe Lopez/ AFP Nepalese earthquake survivors in the remote Kerauja village in Gorkha district watch as relief supplies are delivered by a World Food Programme helicopter. Phillipe Lopez/AFP Villagers shelter from rain as an Indian Army helicopter delivers aid to Lapu in Gorkha District. Sajjad Hussain/AFP Sanjit Karki, 6, sits inside a temporary shelter while undergoing treatment at the Army Hospital in Kathmandu. Sanjit was injured a landslide triggered by the earthquake while he was collecting firewood in a forest in Gorkha District. His parents found him after lying unconscious near the landslide and he was airlifted to Kathmandu. Navesh Chitrakar/Reuters Indian military personnel prepare to drop relief supplies from a helicopter near Laprak Village in Gorkha District. Athit Perawongmetha/Reuters A woman runs to unload a helicopter bringing emergency food supplies after the 25 April earthquake in the remote village of Dovan. Olivia Harris/ Reuters
Nepal suffered several aftershocks in the days following the earthquake, with many at intervals of 15-20 minutes. On 12 May, 18 days after the initial quake,
another earthquake shook the country with a magnitude of 7.4, and another 200 people were killed. Many buildings that were already weakened from the previous earthquake were brought down.
An earthquake victim is carried in a stretcher after being airlifted from Ramechhap District, at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu, after a fresh 7.3 magnitude earthquake hit the country. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters Doctors help an injured resident at the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) field hospital following an aftershock, the result of the 25 April earthquake. Danish Siddiqui/ Reuters Relatives of an earthquake victim who died during an aftershock of the 25 April earthquake cry as the body arrives at Charikot Village in Dolakha. Athit Perawongmetha/ Reuters A woman injured in an earthquake walks towards a hospital, soon after the earthquake struck in Sankhu. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters A boy in mourning for a family member rescues a CD from his home, destroyed by the earthquake in Bhaktapur. Olivia Harris/ Reuters A boy who was injured during an earthquake is comforted by his mother at a hospital in Kathmandu. Danish Siddiqui/ Reuters Nepal army personnel and earthquake survivors search for belongings at a collapsed house in Sankhu on the outskirts of Kathmandu. Adnan Abidi/ Reuters Ropes, weighted down with water bottles, are used to apply traction to the legs of an injured girl, after she fractured them during the earthquake at a hospital in Kathmandu. Danish Siddiqui/ Reuters A woman cries as she waits near a collapsed house, where her son is trapped, as rescue efforts go on in search of victims of the earthquake. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters A man tries to salvage useful articles from the ruins of his damaged home in Paslang. AFP An aerial view of the village of Barpak, near the epicentre of the earthquake. David Ramos/Getty Images Children play in the ruins of their former school that was destroyed during the earthquake in the village of Marming. Jonas Gratzer/ Getty Images Identification numbers are seen next to dead bodies outside a hospital in Kathmandu. Adnan Abidi/Reuters
The country has made little progress in rebuilding the number of homes, schools and buildings that collapsed. Around 600 precious historical structures, including ancient Hindu and Buddhist temples, monuments and palaces,
still lie in ruins. Nearly one million children do not have a school to go to, while millions of villagers had to face winter in sub-zero temperatures in flimsy temporary shelters, awaiting government help to rebuild their homes.
Two children stand among temporary shelter in the Nepalese village of Lapra. Pooja Pant/ AFP Temporary shelter's can be seen overhead in the Nepalese village of Lapra. Pooja Pant/ AFP A door of a collapsed house stands after the earthquake damaged it earlier this year at Khumjung, a typical Sherpa village in Solukhumbu district also known as the Everest region. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters A girl reads a book while sitting next to her mother outside a temporary shelter built after last year's earthquakes, in Bhaktapur. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters
A young boy carries a water bottle, after filling it from a tank based at a camp for those displaced by the earthquake, in Kathmandu. Adnan Abidi/ Reuters A woman looks out of her damaged house, following the earthquake in Bhaktapur on April 25. Danish Siddiqui/ Reuters A woman sits under a makeshift shelter, on open ground, to keep safe after an earthquake in Kathmandu. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters A boy holding his plate kneels near the queue to receive food, near a makeshift shelter after the 25 April earthquake in Kathmandu. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters Saksham Karmacharya, 4, cries while hugging his father while being carried towards his school, which he does not want to go to, a month after the 25 April earthquake in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Navesh Chitrakar/ Reuters A Nepalese villager gestures as an Indian Army helicopter delivers aid, following an earthquake at Lapu in Gorkha Sajjad Hussain/ AFP Sabita Nepal, 5, cries as she speaks to her mother on the phone for the first time since the earthquake at the National Trauma Centre hospital in the capital Kathmandu. Nicolas Asfouri/ AFP A Nepalese villager, injured in an earthquake, sits inside an army helicopter after being evacuated from Lapu in Gorkha. Sajjad Hussain/ AFP Nepalese patient Sanu Ranjitkar breathes oxygen from a cylinder under a makeshift shelter in Kathmandu, two days after the earthquake hit Nepal. Prakash Singh/ Getty Images Women look at a collapsed building caused by earthquakes, in Bhaktapur, Nepa Ahmad Masood/ Reuters
An injured girl is carried to a helicopter following the earthquake in Sindhupalchowk district, situated not far from Kathmandu Danish Siddiqui/Reuters A Nepalese soldier is surrounded by pigeons in the earthquake-damaged Durbar Square, a Unesco world heritage site in Kathmandu. Chris McGrath/Getty Images Photos of earthquake survivors being treated at the Army hospital in Kathmandu are displayed on a notice board. Adnan Abidi/Reuters A woman prays at Boudhanath stupa in Kathmandu, during Buddha Purnima celebrations. Chris McGrath/Getty Images Volunteers help to remove fallen bricks and heritage items from a temple in Bhaktapur. Chris McGrath/Getty Images Women prepare a meal among the rubble of destroyed house in Kathmandu. Chris McGrath/Getty Images
An earthquake victim is prepared for cremation at Pashupatinah Temple in Kathmandu. David Ramos/Getty Images A relative mourns over the body of a woman, on the banks of the Bagmati River, at Pashupathinath temple in Kathmandu. Olivia Harris/Reuters A young girl shows off a tray of remarkably undamaged eggs salvaged from a destroyed home in Kathmandu. Chris McGrath/Getty Images Victims of the earthquake are cremated at Pashupatinah Temple in Kathmandu, Nepal. David Ramos/Getty Images A woman collects her belongings from her damaged home in Kathmandu Chris McGrath/Getty Images