Mussolini's image hangs over Rome 100 years after he grabbed power
A man walks past an obelisk to fascist leader Benito Mussolini in Rome, Italy, October 19, 2022. Reuters

More than 1,400 monuments, street signs and plaques honouring fascism have been put online in the first nationwide attempt to document the symbols of Benito Mussolini's regime that still dot the urban landscape of Italy.

While Germany systematically scrubbed clean any sign of Adolf Hitler's Nazi regime after World War Two, Italians took a much less rigorous approach to removing traces of their Mussolini's 21-year dictatorship.

The "places of fascism" website ( was unveiled on Tuesday by the Istituto Nazionale Parri, a Milan-based historical research institute, following four years of research.

It lists famous landmarks, such as the obelisk in Rome marked in giant lettering with "Mussolini Dux" (Mussolini leader), as well as more obscure memorials up and down the country.

"It is a partial census ... We know very well that it's not complete, it's very much a work in progress," Igor Pizzirusso, a public history researcher and webmaster of the site, told Reuters.

The website will be expanded with submissions from the public, subject to verification by experts, Pizzirusso said, adding that about a dozen suggestions came in Tuesday after the website was publicised in La Repubblica newspaper.

Italy has a complicated relationship with its fascist past, now under greater scrutiny as Giorgia Meloni, a hard-right politician with a teenage past as a Mussolini fan, was sworn in as prime minister last month.

Meloni, who won Sept. 25 elections, insists she and her Brothers of Italy party have embraced mainstream conservatism, declaring in August that "the Italian right has handed fascism over to history for decades now".

Nevertheless, the party and its right-wing allies in October went on to elect as speaker of the Senate Ignazio La Russa, a collector of Mussolini memorabilia who once said that the fascist one-armed salute was more hygienic than handshakes.