The speech by Federal Reserve chief Jerome Powell at Jackson Hole this week will be closely followed by traders
The speech by Federal Reserve chief Jerome Powell at Jackson Hole this week will be closely followed by traders

World stocks mostly sank Monday and the dollar rallied on concern the Federal Reserve will stick to its interest rate-hiking plans to combat runaway inflation.

Eurozone equities also tanked as spiking natural gas prices sparked fears that winter energy shortages could spark recession, helping push the euro back under parity against the greenback.

Oil dipped on speculation over an Iran nuclear deal that could ease a supply crunch caused by producer Russia's invasion of Ukraine.

All eyes are on this week's symposium in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, where Fed boss Jerome Powell will deliver a speech that traders will follow for an idea about the US central bank's next moves.

Stocks "began Monday in downbeat mood ahead of what could prove to be a critical moment for markets at the end of this week", said AJ Bell investment director Russ Mould.

"The Jackson Hole summit of central bankers and finance ministers is widely expected to see Powell take to the floor -- and puncture optimism which has built up over hopes the Fed may be nearing the point at which it pivots away from rate hikes."

A dip in price rises and signs of economic slowdown had raised hopes policymakers would ease up -- and possibly cut rates next year -- after two successive, 75-basis-point hikes, helping equities rally globally.

But that optimism has slowly been eroded in recent weeks as Fed officials, including Powell, have warned that the battle against inflation was far from won, particularly as the jobs market remained resilient.

The euro is under additional pressure after Russia's Gazprom said late Friday that the Nord Stream pipeline would be closed for maintenance at the end of the month, cutting Europe's daily gas deliveries.

As a result, Europe's Dutch TTF Gas Futures contract soared on Monday to almost 293 euros per megawatt hour, not far from record highs hit after Russia launched its assault on Ukraine.

"European gas prices pushed higher again ... on renewed concerns about flows through Nord Stream 1," Rabobank analyst Jane Foley told AFP.

"This focussed attention on recessionary risk for the eurozone. A clear break of parity risks a moves towards $0.95," she added.

In early morning London deals, the euro dipped as low as $0.9990 before clawing its way back above the psychological barrier.

Surging energy prices have this year driven inflation to 40-year peaks in nations including Britain and the United States, in turn prompting tighter monetary policy.

US banking group Citi has forecast that UK inflation would peak at 18.6 percent next January on the back of rocketing domestic energy prices.

Before the weekend, all three main Wall Street indices had fallen and Asia mostly followed suit on Monday.

However, Shanghai stocks rose after China's central bank cut prime loan rates as it tries to bolster the world's second-biggest economy, which has been ravaged by lockdowns as part of a zero-Covid strategy.

The prospect of more US hikes also sent the dollar rallying versus the yen, and it is nearing the 140 yen mark for the first time in 24 years.

London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.3 percent at 7,530.80 points

Frankfurt - DAX: DOWN 1.6 percent at 13,327.85

Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 1.2 percent at 6,418.13

EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 1.3 percent at 3,680.84

Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.5 percent at 28,794.50 (close)

Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: DOWN 0.6 percent at 19,656.98 (close)

Shanghai - Composite: UP 0.6 percent at 3,277.79 (close)

New York - Dow: DOWN 0.9 percent at 33,706.74 points (close)

Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.0009 from $1.0037 Friday

Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.1808 from $1.1829

Euro/pound: DOWN at 84.76 pence from 84.86 pence

West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 0.1 percent at $90.68 per barrel

Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 0.2 percent at $96.53