The all-Conservative cabinet
The all-Conservative cabinet gets down to business for the first time Getty

David Cameron has been able to appoint the first all-Conservative government since 1997 after he secured a shock majority at the general election.

The prime minister's reshuffle has seen most of the big Tory beasts kept in the same roles as the coalition government days. But there have been some notable expectations.

Michael Gove has been appointed justice secretary, where the former journalist will oversee the scrapping of the Human Rights Act.

The Scotsman stirred up controversy as education secretary by taking on what he called "The Blob", which was apparently made up of anti-reform academics, teachers' unions and bureaucrats. Will he face the same problem from the legal professionals?

Elsewhere, Cameron has promoted Sajid Javid to business secretary. The Lancastrian is the son of a bus driver and is one of Britain's few high-profile black and ethnic minority (BAME) politicians.

With his compelling personal story and solid set of hands to match, the 45-year-old could be a future Tory leadership contender. But time will tell if he can fill Vince Cable's big shoes at the Department for Business and Innovation.

Meanwhile, Cameron would have pleased the right-wing of his party after he appointed John Whittingdale as the new secretary of state for culture, media and sport.

The Maldon MP will oversee the renewal of the BBC's charter and once described the TV licence fee as "worse than a poll tax". Can we expect fireworks?

Robert Halfon and Boris Johnson have also been rewarded by Cameron, who has appointed the pair as ministers without portfolio. In Johnson's case, it is more a shrewd move by the prime minister to keep the celebrity mayor of London and newly appointed MP happy.

But Halfon's promotion seems to be based on his hard work in and out of Westminster. The Harlow MP was able to secure a cut in fuel duty from the Treasury during the last parliament.

On top of that, the cerebral palsy sufferer was seen by the side of the road, billboard in hand, fighting to win back his marginal seat at the general election. The 46-year-old was also appointed the new deputy chairman of the Conservative Party.

Number 10

David Cameron
David Cameron Getty

Cameron will lead his new government and the country from the historic nerve centre of British politics, the prime minister's office in 10 Downing Street.

The Old Etonian will no longer have Nick Clegg and the Liberal Democrats to worry about. But Cameron's backbenchers may give him some sleepless nights, especially when it comes to his proposed 2017 referendum of the UK's membership of the EU.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron48WitneyMale
Parliamentary Private SecretaryGavin Williamson38South StaffordshireMale

Cabinet Office

Oliver Letwin
Oliver Letwin Getty

Oliver Letwin has been put in charge of the Cabinet Office. The Tory first entered parliament in 1997 at the start of the New Labour years. The 58-year-old is the son of two intellectuals and he will need all of his brain power to put through Cameron's reform agenda.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Cabinet Office ministerOliver Letwin58West DorsetMale
Lord President of the CouncilChris Grayling53Epsom and EwellMale
Civil Service Reform MinisterMatthew Hancock36West SuffolkMale
Parliamentary SecretaryJohn Penrose50Weston-super-MareMale
Minister without PortfolioRobert Halfon46HarlowMale
Minister for the ConstitutionSam Gyimah38East SurreyMale
Minister for Civil SocietyRob Wilson50Reading EastMale

The Treasury

George Osborne
George Osborne Getty

The Treasury and Number 10 were once pitted against each other when New Labour architects Gordon Brown and Tony Blair played out their own cold war.

Ed Miliband, then a special adviser to Brown, relayed messages between two camps, earning him the nickname "emissary from Planet F**K" by Blair's people.

But Osborne and Cameron have been able to heal the rift between the two most powerful offices in Britain. The Oxford graduates are close friends and in many ways Osborne was able to secure Cameron the general election victory by overseeing good economic growth.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Chancellor and First Secretary of StateGeorge Osborne43TattonMale
Chief Secretary to the TreasuryGreg Hands49Chelsea and FulhamMale
Financial Secretary to the TreasuryDavid Gauke43South West HertfordshireMale
Exchequer Secretary to the TreasuryDamian Hinds45East HampshireMale
Economic Secretary to the TreasuryHarriett Baldwin55West WorcestershireFemale
Commercial Secretary to the TreasuryLord Deighton59N/AMale

Foreign Office

Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond Getty

With the threat of Islamic terrorism both at home and abroad, as well as a military crisis in the shape of Ukraine. The foreign secretary will have an enormous role to play in the run up to the end of the decade. Philip Hammond, the 59-year-old Runnymede and Weybridge MP, will be representing Britain on the world's stage alongside Cameron.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Foreign SecretaryPhilip Hammond59Runnymede and WeybridgeMale
Europe MinisterDavid Lidington58AylesburyMale
Foreign Affairs MinisterHugo Swire55East DevonMale
Trade and Investment MinisterFrancis Maude61N/AMale
Minister of StateBaroness Anelay of St Johns67N/AFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateJames Duddridge43Rochford and Southend EastMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTobias Ellwood48Bournemouth EastMale

Ministry of Defence

Michael Fallon
Michael Fallon Getty

With the SNP calling for the non-renewal of the Trident nuclear defence system, defence became a hot topic during the general election campaign.

Tory grandee Michael Fallon caused a stir when he claimed Ed Miliband would "stab Britain in the back" by making concessions to the nationalists over the deterrent if he gained power.

Despite the provocative comments, Fallon has been reappointed as the Conservatives' defence secretary. The big question is whether the 62-year-old and the government will commit to Nato's 2% a year GDP military spending target.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Defence SecretaryMichael Fallon62DarlingtonMale
Minister for the Armed ForcesPenny Mordaunt42Portsmouth NorthFemale
Minister for Defence ProcurementPhilip Dunne56LudlowMale
Minister for ReservesJulian Brazier61CanterburyMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateMark Lancaster44Milton Keynes NorthMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord Astor of Hever68N/AMale

Home Office

Theresa May
Theresa May Getty

Theresa May is back. The home secretary will oversee the Conservatives' plan to introduce the so-called "Snoopers' Charter", otherwise known as the Draft Communications Data Bill. The controversial legislation would force internet service providers to collect data on their users and allow the security services to trawl though the masses of information.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Home SecretaryTheresa May58MaidenheadFemale
Security MinisterJohn Hayes56South Holland and the DeepingsMale
Police MinisterMike Penning57Hemel HempsteadMale
Immigration MinisterJames Brokenshire47HornchurchMale
Modern Slavery MinisterKaren Bradley45Staffordshire MoorlandsFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord Bates53N/AMale

Ministry of Justice

Michael Gove
Michael Gove Getty

Michael Gove was seen hitting the pavements as the Tories' chief whip during the election campaign and now he has received his rewarded from Cameron.

The 47-year-old is the government's most Marmite figure: his allies see him as a great reformer, battling vested-interests for the good of the nation; meanwhile, Gove's enemies paint the Scotsman an an arrogant TV baddie who refuses to listen to outside advice.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Justice SecretaryMichael Gove47Surrey HeathMale
Police MinisterMike Penning57Hemel HempsteadMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateShailesh Vara54North West CambridgeshireMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateAndrew Selous53South West BedfordshireMale
Civil Justice MinisterLord Faulks64N/AMale
Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateDominic Raab41Esher and WaltonMale
Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateCaroline Dinenage43GosportFemale

Attorney General's Office

Attorney GeneralJeremy Wright42Kenilworth and Southam
Solicitor GeneralRobert Buckland46South Swindon
Advocate General for ScotlandTBA

Department for Business

Sajid Javid
Sajid Javid Getty

Future Tory leader? A wannabe prime minister? First Sajid Javid, the 45-year-old MP for Bromsgrove, must prove himself at the Department for Business. The ministry was under the rule of the Liberal Democrats when Vince Cable headed the office during the coalition government. Now Javid will want to make it his own mark on the ministry over the next few years.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Business SecretarySajid Javid45BromsgroveMale
Universities MinisterJo Johnson43OrpingtonMale
Small Business MinisterAnna Soubry58BroxtoweFemale
Digital Economy MinisterEd Vaizey46WantageMale
Skills and Equalities MinisterNick Boles49Grantham and StamfordMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateGeorge Freeman47Mid NorfolkMale
Trade and Investment MinisterFrancis Maude61N/AMale
Intellectual Property MinisterBaroness Neville-Rolfe62N/AFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTBA

Department for Work and Pensions

Iain Duncan Smith, the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
Iain Duncan Smith and Priti Patel Getty

Iain Duncan Smith resumes his role at the Department for Work and Pensions. The former Tory leader will want to make sure the government's Universal Credit scheme is truly back on track. But controversy will follow him throughout his tenure as the Conservatives are expected to slash £12bn in welfare spending during the parliament.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Work and Pensions SecretaryIain Duncan Smith61Chingford and Woodford GreenMale
Employment MinisterPriti Patel43WithamFemale
Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateJustin Tomlinson38North SwindonMale
Pensions MinisterRos Altmann59N/AFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord Freud64N/AMale

Department for Education

Nicky Morgan
Nicky Morgan Getty

Loughborough MP Nicky Morgan has been reappointed to head up the Department for Education. The 42-year-old will want to continue to put her own stamp on the ministry after taking over as secretary of state for education from Gove in 2014. It is also important that Morgan works with neighbouring departments to help solve the UK's skills shortage.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Education SecretaryNicky Morgan42LoughboroughFemale
Equalities MinisterCaroline Dinenage43GosportFemale
Skills and Equalities MinisterNick Boles49Grantham and StamfordMale
School Reform MinisterNick Gibb54Bognor Regis and LittlehamptonMale
Children and Families MinisterEdward Timpson41Crewe and NantwichMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateSam Gyimah38East SurreyMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord Nash66N/AMale

Government Equalities Office

Minister for Women and EqualitiesNicky Morgan42LoughboroughFemale
Skills and Equalities MinisterNick Boles49Grantham and StamfordMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTBA

Department of Health

Jeremy Hunt
Jeremy Hunt Getty

Jeremy Hunt has been reappointed as health secretary. Andy Burnham and Labour claimed the Tories would cut funding to the service and increase privatisation. But the Conservatives countered these allegations with an additional £8bn-a-year funding pledge for NHS England. If the government cannot live up to the promise, Hunt could be for the chop.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Health SecretaryJeremy Hunt48South West SurreyMale
Care and Support MinisterAlistair Burt59Bury NorthMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateBen Gummer37IpswichMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateJane Ellison50BatterseaFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateGeorge Freeman47Mid NorfolkMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateThe Earl Howe64N/AMale

Department of Energy

Amber Rudd
Amber Rudd Getty

Amber Rudd is from the Tories' 2010 batch of MPs. The 51-year-old served as a parliamentary undersecretary of state for climate change at the end of the coalition government and she has now been promoted to energy secretary.

The former financial journalist once hired extras for Richard Curtis's successful romcom Four Weddings And A Funeral. Let's hope there is not too much drama at the Department of Energy.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Energy SecretaryAmber Rudd51Hastings and RyeFemale
Minister of State for Energy and Climate ChangeAndrea Leadsom51South NorthamptonshireFemale
Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateBaroness Verma56N/AFemale
Parliamentary Under Secretary of StateTBA

Department for Environment

Liz Truss
Liz Truss Getty

Liz Truss continues as energy secretary in the all-Conservative administration. The 39-year-old South West Norfolk MP read philosophy, politics and economics (PPE) at Oxford. The degree has become the diploma of British statesman as every politician and his dog seems to have taken the multi-discipline course.

But Truss is not the typical Tory. Her first political experience was attending a Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) march as a child and later she headed up Oxford's Liberal Democrats club.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Enviroment SecretaryLiz Truss39South West NorfolkFemale
Farming MinisterGeorge Eustice43Camborne and RedruthMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateRory Stewart42Penrith and The BorderMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord De Mauley58N/AMale

Department for Local Government and Communities

Greg Clark
Greg Clark Getty

Wave goodbye to the Conservatives' flag-loving former secretary of state, Eric Pickles. The no-nonsense northerner has been replaced by Tunbridge Wells MP Greg Clark. The 47-year-old hails from Middlesbrough and served as universities, science and cities minister under the coalition.

Clark's brief will cover one of the most talked about issues in Britain today – the country's housing shortage. The Tories have promised to have 200,000 new homes available at a discount for first-time buyers in a bid to abate the issue. The good doctor Clark (PhD, London School of Economics) will be at the steering wheel of the scheme.

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Local Government SecretaryGreg Clark47Tunbridge WellsMale
Housing and Planning MinisterBrandon Lewis43Great YarmouthMale
Minister of State for CommunitiesMark Francois49Rayleigh and WickfordMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of StateMarcus Jones41NuneatonMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of StateKris Hopkins51KeighleyMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretaries of State [Northern Powerhouse Minister]James Wharton31Stockton SouthMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateLord Ahmad of Wimbledon47N/AMale

Department for Transport

Patrick McLoughlin
Patrick McLoughlin Getty

Not long after Patrick McLoughlin was given back his ministerial key-card, the 57-year-old was presented with his first challenge – a strike. No, London's Tube drivers are not threatening to walkout again. The transport secretary faces a national crisis.

Network Rail workers have voted for industrial action in a dispute over pay. The strike could see Britain's trains come to a halt if the dispute is not resolved. McLoughlin will want to set his stall out early but will the RMT union embarrass the Derbyshire Dales MP?

Transport SecretaryPatrick McLoughlin57Derbyshire DalesMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateAndrew Jones51Harrogate and KnaresboroughMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateRobert Goodwill58Scarborough and WhitbyMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateClaire Perry51DevizesFemale

Department for Culture and Sport

John Whittingdale
John Whittingdale Getty

Did Cameron have mischievous thoughts when he appointed John Whittingdale? Who knows, but the Maldon MP is not a fan of sacred cows. The new culture secretary has called for reforms to the TV licence fee system.

His promotion prompted The Daily Telegraph's chief political correspondent, Christopher Hope, to label the move "a declaration of war" by Cameron on "Auntie". We will see if Whittingdale is more warrior than diplomat.

Culture SecretaryJohn Whittingdale55MaldonMale
Digital Economy MinisterEd Vaizey46WantageMale
Minister for SportTracey Crouch39Chatham and AylesfordFemale

Department for International Development

Justine Greening
Justine Greening Getty

Justine Greening has been re-appointed as the secretary of state for international development after winning an increased majority in his Putney seat at the general election. The 46-year-old will oversee the UK's humanitarian response to the most recent earthquake in Nepal.

International Development SecretaryJustine Greening46PutneyFemale
International Development MinisterGrant Shapps46Welwyn HatfieldMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTBA

Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales Offices

Theresa Villiers Getty

The insurgent SNP has pushed further devolution up the legislative timetable. But one of the troubling constitutional questions is whether the other members of the union will be handed more powers from Westminster.

Cameron has stirred things up with his post-Scottish referendum "English votes for English laws" pledge. It will be on the offices of Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales to sell the government's new measures to the devolved assemblies.

Northern Ireland Office

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Northern Ireland SecretaryTheresa Villiers47Chipping BarnetFemale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateAndrew Murrison54South West WiltshireMale

Scotland Office

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Secretary of State for ScotlandDavid Mundell52Dumfriesshire, Clydesdale and TweeddaleMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTBA

Wales Office

Position NameAge ConstituencySex
Secretary of State for WalesStephen Crabb42Preseli PembrokeshireMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateAlun Cairns44Vale of GlamorganMale
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of StateTBA