Former US president Donald Trump refused Thursday to testify in his looming impeachment trial after being called by House prosecutors to give evidence, branding the process "unconstitutional."
Trump's lawyers ridiculed the request in a letter by lead House prosecutor Jamie Raskin to answer questions over the January 6 attack on the US Capitol as a "public relations stunt."
"Your letter only confirms what is known to everyone: you cannot prove your allegations" against Trump, attorneys Bruce Castor and David Schoen said in their reply.
While the attorneys did not say whether he would testify, a senior advisor to Trump, Jason Miller, said flatly that he would not.
"The president will not testify in an unconstitutional proceeding," Miller told AFP.
The refusal came five days before the trial of the former US leader on one impeachment charge of "incitement to insurrection" opens in the US Senate.
In his unprecedented second impeachment trial, Trump is accused of fomenting the attack by his supporters on the US legislature one month ago, forcing a halt to proceedings to certify opponent Joe Biden's victory in the November presidential election.
Raskin had asked Trump, who has maintained without evidence that Biden won by massive fraud, to testify sometime next week, before or during the trial.
He said Trump, who now lives in his Florida Mar-a-Lago resort, had little excuse to avoid testifying, and could no longer claim he was too busy overseeing the country, as was the White House position when he was still president.
Raskin also warned that if Trump refused, it would be considered as supportive of the evidence against him.
"If you decline this invitation, we reserve any and all rights, including the right to establish at trial that your refusal to testify supports a strong adverse inference regarding your actions (and inaction) on January 6, 2021," he added.
Raskin's letter and the response set out the battle lines for the never-seen impeachment trial of a president after he has left office.
The Democratic House prosecutors, or impeachment managers, say the Republican leader was "singularly responsible" for the Capitol attack, which left five dead.
"In a grievous betrayal of his oath of office, President Trump incited a violent mob to attack the United States Capitol," they said.
But Trump's team argued in a filing Tuesday that whatever Trump said in the days and hours before the attack to encourage supporters to reject Biden's election win amounted to constitutionally protected free speech.
And they declared it unconstitutional to put a former president on trial in the Senate.
The January 6 attack continues to reverberate in Washington. Prosecutors have charged some 180 people in the attacks, according to a tally by the George washington University Program on extremism, and hundreds more are under investigation.
The Justice Department has suggested they could build a case for seditious conspiracy by some Trump-supporting extreme right groups in the attack.
In a White House rally just hours before the attack, Trump encouraged supporters to reject the election results and to "fight like hell."
While Democrats will make such statements the focus of their case, Trump's lawyers will hone in on the question of constitutionality.
That could bring about his acquittal. Conviction requires support of two-thirds of the 100 senators, who serve as judges and jury in the trial.
But last week 45 of 50 Republican senators made clear in a vote they think trying an ex-president is unconstitutional.
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