Pope Francis prayed for tens of thousands of coronavirus victims in an unprecedented livestream Easter Sunday message delivered from a hauntingly empty Vatican to a world under lockdown.

The 83-year-old pontiff spoke softly at a ceremony attended by just a handful of priests and a small choir that was spaced out across the expansive marble floor of Saint Peter's Basilica.

Pope Francis
Coronavirus has led to hallowed traditions such as the pope's messages to the faithful on Saint Peter's Square being replaced by livestreamed prayers Photo: POOL / ALESSANDRO DI MEO

"For many, this is an Easter of solitude lived amid the sorrow and hardship that the pandemic is causing, from physical suffering to economic difficulties," Francis said.

The pandemic raging outside the Vatican's locked gates has killed more than 110,000 people and left billions confined to their homes.

Pope Francis
Pope Francis cut a lonely, but striking figure figure when he slowly entered a starkly empty Vatican square for a torch-lit Good Friday procession Photo: AFP / Vincenzo PINTO

Most of the world's 1.3 billion Catholics were in forced confinement as the pope spoke, and few of the world's churches were open on Christianity's holiest day.

In his homily, the pope called for a global ceasefire and debt relief for the poorest countries.

Pope Francis
These days, the pope's only audience is the camera Photo: VATICAN MEDIA / -

His message was livestreamed for the first time -- a bow to technology in the face of a new illness that has transformed society and altered the way religion is observed.

Around the globe, others followed his advice and found creative solutions.

Doctors and nurses from the Vatican Healthcare Department carry the cross and mark the Stations of the Cross, during Good Friday's Way of the Cross (Via Crucis) at St. Peter's Square in The Vatican. The ceremony takes place during the lockdown aimed at curbing the spread of the coronavirus. Photo: CTV /

In Britain, the Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby -- the spiritual leader of Anglicans -- celebrated mass with thousands of followers on a video recorded from his kitchen.

Panama Archbishop Jose Domingo Ulloa donned mask and gloves and toured the city in a "popemobile" used during Francis' visit to the Central American country last year.

Ulloa's cavalcade halted outside hospitals as he rose to bless the sick and those caring for them.

Pope Francis
Pope Francis will livestream Easter Sunday mass from his private library Photo: POOL / REMO CASILLI

Rio de Janeiro priest Omar Raposo took to a helicopter to bless the Brazilian city from the sky.

At Latin America's biggest Catholic sanctuary, the Basilica of Aparecida in Brazil's Sao Paulo state, Archbishop Orlando Brandes celebrated mass before an empty church and urged Brazilians to practice social distancing.

"Let's stay home, let's follow our doctors' recommendations. That is an act of charity, of devotion to life," Brandes said, in a homily that was broadcast live on TV and online.

Pope Francis
The pope urged the world's leaders to put aside their political fights and call back their armies Photo: POOL / Andreas SOLARO

In the United States, President Donald Trump, a Presbyterian, said in an Easter message that this year's celebration "comes during a sombre time for our nation."

Trump followed a televised service by Robert Jeffress, the leader of a Southern Baptist megachurch.

Baltimore, Maryland, Pastor Alvin Gwynn defied a state lockdown to call on parishioners to flock to his Friendship Baptist Church for his Easter service, but given fears over the coronavirus, fewer than 10 showed up.

Pope Francis
The pope's virtual Easter Sunday message was just the most vivid example of religious improvisation in the age of confinement Photo: VATICAN MEDIA / Handout

While priests in Mexico celebrated mass in empty churches, some indigenous communities in the south defied the pandemic by holding traditional processions.

Earlier, in Seville, Spain, worshipers left wreaths of flowers outside the locked churches from where festive processions had normally departed.

In Italy, Europe's hardest-hit nation, the great Italian tenor Andrea Bocelli livestreamed a special concert from the deserted square facing Milan's lacelike Duomo Cathedral.

A parish near the Philippines' capital Manila pasted the empty pews with family photos that the faithful had emailed to the priest.

Catholics in Syria -- where celebrations had continued in Christian quarters of Damascus despite years of agonising war -- watched the Facebook Live mass posted by the country's patriarch.

In Jerusalem, a few priests also gathered at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre -- under lockdown like the Vatican -- to pray at the spot where Christians believe Jesus was crucified and resurrected on Easter.

As a solemn Easter day darkened into night in Latin America, Rio de Janeiro Archbishop Orani Joao Tempesta blessed Brazil from the city's iconic Christ the Redeemer statue, the first such ceremony since it was inaugurated in 1931.

The iconic statue had a doctor's uniform projected on it, reading "Thank You" in honor of the medical staff fighting the pandemic.

Bells rang across a still and completely silent Rome when the pope's mass began.

Francis pleaded with world leaders to forget their differences and support his appeal "for an immediate global ceasefire in all corners of the world" during a global health emergency of a magnitude not seen in 100 years.

"This is not a time for division," Francis said.

Health considerations required global powers to ease crippling economic sanctions imposed against their adversaries, he said -- a possible reference to those weighing on pandemic-hit Iran.

He called for a "reduction, if not the forgiveness, of the debt burdening the balance sheets of the poorest nations" and for European nations to show the same "solidarity" they did in the wake of World War II.

"After the Second World War, this beloved continent was able to rise again," he said.

"The European Union is presently facing an epochal challenge, on which will depend not only its future but that of the whole world."

The Argentine-born pontiff offered a special message of consolation to those "who mourn the loss of their loved ones (but) to whom, in some cases, they were unable even to bid a final farewell."

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