Millions of London Underground passengers' journeys have been thrown into disarray as the effects of tube strikes were felt.

With their shaking heads, puffed out checks and in some cases industrial language, commuters battled to make it to their desks on time during the first morning of industrial action across the underground network.

The National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) and Transport Salaried Staffs' Association (TSSA) are holding the 48-hour strike over 950 proposed job losses and closure of all ticket offices.

Stuttering Northern and Jubilee lines meant passengers were held up at stations from about 7am.

Passengers had mixed feelings towards the strike and its two key protagonists, London Mayor Boris Johnson and RMT union leader Bob Crow.

RMT\'s Bob Crow got a 26% pay rise since 2009
RMT\'s Bob Crow said the union was forced to strike Reuters

Mark Hynds, 34, was making his way to Stratford from London Bridge, a route he thought would be trouble free.

But he was greeted at the Jubilee Line station by shut gates and snaking queues as the weight of passengers meant guards stopped commuters from bustling through.

He said: "Bob Crow must be the most hated man in London today, but I doubt he cares.

"It's been a nightmare. I'm definitely going to be late for work. Is there anything I could have done to prevent that? Maybe. But I thought the Jubilee line was supposed to be open."

strike London
Crowds of passengers still gave the London Underground a go despite strikes being announced @Kat_Soli

Chris Smith, 40, was also held up at London Bridge. He said: "If I worked in the public sector, if I was a teacher for example, and hundreds of job losses had been announced, I'd probably be frustrated too.

"It is an enormous pain but perhaps we should sympathise with the workers before we condemn the strike."

Rows of passengers remained at overground and Docklands Light Railway stations as carriages quickly became full with diverted workers.

Crowds of workers climbed aboard Thames Clipper services while buses throughout the capital have been packed full of passengers.

@barkingreporter "Crowds gather outside #Stratford station which is closed at the moment. #Tube

Crowds stood still outside Stratford Station this morning as the effects of the tube strike were felt @barkingreporter

But some passengers have been taking a humorous look at the strike and the pandemonium it has caused.

@ThePoke "The people of Shoreditch will not be beaten by a Tube strike #tubestrike"

Tube strike
Some have been poking fun at the chaos caused by the London tube strike @ThePoke

Boris Johnson has not escaped the ire of some passengers for not being able to reach a compromise with the unions.

Claire Marks, 41, was held up at a bus stop near Tower Hill. She said: "Aren't politicians supposed to prevent this type of thing happening? Everyday people have to comprimise, why can't the mayor?"

Boris Johnson and Bob Crow had a live showdown on LBC LBC

Johnson explained on BBC Radio 4 that a "tiny" minority of the RMT (30%) voted for the strike. He called for changes to strike laws for "vital" public transport infrastructure to make sure a strike is only allowed if a majority votes for it.

He added the tube network needed new technology, automatic payment options, new signalling, automatic trains, and 24 hour services.

London Underground Tube Strike to Cost Economy £200m
The London Underground tube strike has been estimated to cost the economy £200m Reuters

Disrupted services

Bakerloo line Limited stopping service in central areas from Queen's Park to Elephant & Castle

Central line No service in central area. Some trains in west and eastern ends, between West Ruislip and White City and Epping and Leytonstone

Circle line/District line Some services between Upminster and Wimbledon, very limited between Ealing Broadway and High Street Kensington, limited stops

Hammersmith & City line Some trains between Hammersmith and Moorgate, limited stops

Jubilee line Services between Stanmore and Finchley Road, and between Waterloo and Stratford only

Metropolitan line Some trains between Harrow-on-the-Hill and Aldgate

Northern line Trains over the whole line (except Mill Hill East), limited stops

Piccadilly line No service in central area. Some trains between Acton Town and Heathrow and between Arnos Grove and Cockfosters

Victoria line Trains between Seven Sisters and Victoria only

Waterloo & City line No service

A normal service will operate on the DLR, buses, National Rail and the London Overground.