An exhibition of fascinating studies of humans and animals in motion by pioneering early photographer Eadweard Muybridge will open shortly at Beetles + Huxley in London. The exhibition will showcase 65 collotypes prints made by the artist in 1887, from his influential series Animal Locomotion. Each plate in the series shows the same subject in sequential phases of one movement such as walking, running and jumping.
In 1872, the former Governor of California, Leland Standford, hired Muybridge to photograph his horse galloping, to discover whether the animal's hooves were lifted off the ground at the same time – a popular debate at the time.
In order to photograph the horse at speed, Muybridge engineered a system of multiple cameras with trip wire shutter releases to capture each stage of the movement – which proved conclusively, for the very first time, that a galloping horse lifts all four hooves off the ground.
This work laid the foundations for Animal Locomotion.
Muybridge recorded varied forms of movement in a wide range of animals, mostly taken at Philadelphia zoo, from crows in flight to the differences in gait between animals such as cats, elephants and ostriches.
Muybridge also documented humans walking, running and descending staircases and engaging in horse-riding, weightlifting and wrestling – often while naked.
The works in this exhibition will collectively demonstrate how Animal Locomotion broke new ground in terms of both science and the emerging art form of photography. Muybridge's work from this period has contributed to the science of physiology and biomechanics and the photographs have had a major influence on a wide range of artists, including artists Marcel Duchamp, Francis Bacon, Jasper Johns and Cy Twombly.
Born in 1830 in Kingston upon Thames, London, Muybridge emigrated to America as a young man and worked as a bookseller. After being injured in a runaway stagecoach crash in Texas he returned to the UK for a five-year period where it is thought he took up photography. Upon his return to America, he quickly established a successful career as a landscape photographer, producing dramatic views of both Yosemite and San Francisco. His reputation as being an adventurous and progressive photographer led him to work as both a war and official government photographer.
Eadweard Muybridge's work has been the subject of recent major retrospectives at the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, Washington DC; the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington DC; Tate Britain, London and the San Francisco Museum of Art. His work is held in over 90 international collections including those at the American Museum of Natural History Library, New York; British Library, London; the Los Angeles County Museum of Art; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; New York Public Library; Smithsonian Institution, Cooper Hewitt Museum, Washington DC; and the Victoria & Albert Museum, London.
Eadward Muybridge: Animal Locomotion will be on show at Beetles + Huxley in central London from 18 July to 2 August 2017. Admission is free.