July 2016 was the hottest month on Earth since records began. The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) calculates that the average global land and ocean temperature was 62.01 degrees Fahrenheit (16.67C), which is 1.57F above the 20th century average. The average was 0.11F higher than July 2015, the previous record-holder for the warmest month on record. NOAA said July was the 15th month in a row in which global heat records were broken.

IBTimes UK looks back at a month that saw record highs in the Middle East, forest fires in Spain and the US, and an ongoing drought in the state of California.

July 2016 marks the 40th consecutive July with temperatures at least nominally above the 20th-century average: July 1976 was the last time global land and ocean temperatures for the month were below-average.

The year-to-date temperature across global land and ocean surfaces was 1.85F above the 20th century average of 56.9F (13.8C). This was the highest temperate ever recorded for January–July since records began in 1880.