Four Arab states have given Qatar 10 days to meet 13 conditions in order to end a current diplomatic and economic crisis in the Gulf. Earlier in June, several nations across the Arab world cut ties with Qatar after repeatedly accusing it of destabilising the region, something that Doha denies.
Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Egypt and Bahrain have now laid down 13 conditions Qatar needs to meet to solve the crisis.
The demands include closing state-funded news outlet Al Jazeera, closing a Turkish military base and reducing ties with Iran, a regional adversary, an unnamed official told Reuters.
Qatar – which has long been accused of supporting terrorist groups – was also asked to sever ties with terrorists, ideological and sectarian organisations including the Muslim Brotherhood, Isis, Al-Qaeda, Hezbollah and Jabhat Fateh al Sham.
Doha was also urged to stop interfering with the four countries' domestic and foreign affairs and stop giving Qatari nationality to citizens from the four countries, the official further explained.
Furthermore, Qatar was also also asked to pay reparations to the four countries for any damage or costs incurred as a result of Qatari policies.
The official said Doha had ten days to meet the demands, handed over to Qatar by Kuwait, a mediator in the current crisis.
Should Qatar agree to meet the demands, its compliance will be monitored with monthly reports during the first year, then every three months the next year, then annually for 10 years, the official said.
The Qatar embassy in London was not immediately available for comment, while Al Jazeera has not replied to a request for comment at the time of publishing.
On Monday (19 June) Foreign Minister Saheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman al-Thani said Qatar would not negotiate with the four states unless they lifted their measures against Doha, Reuters said.
The diplomatic and economic isolation of Qatar has sparked what has been deemed as one of the worst crisis in the Gulf in recent years.
Turkey is backing Qatar and has called for an end to the economic and diplomatic isolation of Doha, which has prompted Qatari citizens to stockpile goods amid fears food and water stocks would deplete as the country depends on food imports.
Both Iran and Turkey have dispatched food supplies to Qatar. Ankara also sent a small contingent of soldiers and armored vehicles.
List of demands to Qatar from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt:
- Curb diplomatic ties with Iran and close its diplomatic missions there. Expel members of Iran's Revolutionary Guard from Qatar and cut off any joint military cooperation with Iran. Only trade and commerce with Iran that complies with U.S. and international sanctions will be permitted.
- Sever all ties to "terrorist organizations," specifically the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamic State group, al-Qaida, and Lebanon's Hezbollah. Formally declare those entities as terrorist groups.
- Shut down Al-Jazeera and its affiliate stations.
- Shut down news outlets that Qatar funds, directly and indirectly, including Arabi21, Rassd, Al Araby Al-Jadeed and Middle East Eye.
- Immediately terminate the Turkish military presence currently in Qatar and end any joint military cooperation with Turkey inside of Qatar.
- Stop all means of funding for individuals, groups or organizations that have been designated as terrorists by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt, Bahrain, the United States and other countries.
- Hand over "terrorist figures" and wanted individuals from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain to their countries of origin. Freeze their assets, and provide any desired information about their residency, movements and finances.
- End interference in sovereign countries' internal affairs. Stop granting citizenship to wanted nationals from Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Revoke Qatari citizenship for existing nationals where such citizenship violates those countries' laws.
- Stop all contacts with the political opposition in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Egypt and Bahrain. Hand over all files detailing Qatar's prior contacts with and support for those opposition groups.
- Pay reparations and compensation for loss of life and other, financial losses caused by Qatar's policies in recent years. The sum will be determined in coordination with Qatar.
- Align itself with the other Gulf and Arab countries militarily, politically, socially and economically, as well as on economic matters, in line with an agreement reached with Saudi Arabia in 2014.
- Agree to all the demands within 10 days of it being submitted to Qatar, or the list becomes invalid. The document doesn't specify what the countries will do if Qatar refuses to comply.
- Consent to monthly audits for the first year after agreeing to the demands, then once per quarter during the second year. For the following 10 years, Qatar would be monitored annually for compliance.