british passport
Stonewall says passports should include a third gender option Chris Fleming

UK passports should allow those who do not identify as male or female to define themselves as "X", a leading LGBT rights group has said.

Stonewall said the third option should also be on official government forms and would help trans people who identify as non-binary avoid longstanding difficulties.

"Not having legal recognition means non-binary people must constantly live as someone they are not," the charity said in a five-year plan, published on Wednesday, (5 April) to create equality for transgender people in Britain.

The project, titled A Vision for Change, was created by the Stonewall Trans Advisory Group (Stag) and comes days after HSBC said its customers would be able to choose non-gender specific titles such as Mx, M and Misc for their bank accounts.

Tara Stone, a member of Stag, told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "For trans people who identify as non-binary – that is, neither male or female, or some combination thereof – it would give them an option which wasn't prescriptive, whereas the only options at the moment are prescriptive for them. It basically allows them to express their identity."

Asked if the "X" option would cause difficulties for those travelling to countries with poor records on LGBT rights, Stone said: "It's important that we have that option but that good advice is given by via the Home Office for people travelling.

"We do that to a certain extent now. It's just a case of having the information there to make people aware so they can make good, informed choices."

There are an estimated 650,000 people who identify as trans in the UK.

The UK government says it is reviewing the way gender is marked in official documents, including passports.

Other countries like Australia already allow their citizens to choose "X" if their gender does not fit into the male or female categories.

Stonewall said more should also be done to make it easier for trans people who identify as a gender different from birth to change legal documents like passports.

It said many are currently "afraid to travel abroad" because they fear intrusive questioning or difficulties at passport control, adding those travelling with children were especially affected, particularly if they were born or adopted when they were legally a different gender.

Stonewall's plan also includes proposals for lobbying for a reformed Gender Recognition Act and Equality Act to incorporate trans-inclusive policies.

"A Vision for Change" proposals (source: Stonewall)

1. A reformed Gender Recognition Act to secure all trans people the right to self-determination and the removal of barriers that prevent some from having their gender legally recognised if they are unsupported by their family.

2. A reformed Equality Act that will protect all trans people. The protected characteristic should be changed from 'gender reassignment' to 'gender identity' and the use of the terms 'gender reassignment' and 'transsexual' should be removed. Trans people must be able to understand when their rights are infringed, and to be able to take appropriate action.

3. Removal of the spousal veto and replaced with a mechanism that protects trans people and does not delay access to legal gender recognition.

4. Judicial clarity of 'sex by deception' cases to define the legal position on what constitutes sex by deception based on gender, and to ensure trans people's privacy is protected.

5. Legal recognition of nonbinary people and for national and local government documents and procedures to accurately reflect gender identity, including a non-obligatory 'X' category on forms and passports.

6. Reform of the asylum system, to ensure that trans asylum seekers are not placed in detention where they face serious risks.