What began as student-led demonstrations this month in several cities have taken a toll that the government puts at 16 dead. The mostly middle class opposition joined the protests, but for the most part they have not expanded to poorer neighborhoods where Maduro's support base resides.

Clashes between protesters and security forces loyal to Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro have left 16 dead. The demonstrations have largely involved the educated middle class and have not spread to poorer neighbourhoods where Maduro's support base resides.

Violent scenes have been witnessed around Venezuela, as riot police have clashed with students brandishing slingshots and home-made weapons.