There is less than a week to go before the next president of the United States is announced, bringing an end to what has been called the most divisive election in recent history. Dominated by clashes between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, many of the issues at stake – from taxes to gun control and foreign policy to the economy – have been overshadowed by rhetoric. So where do the two candidates stand on these issues?

ECONOMY

Clinton: Pledged to invest in "infrastructure, manufacturing, research and technology, clean energy and small businesses" to create new jobs. Wants to raise the federal minimum wage to $12 (£10.70) an hour, which can be raised further by local governments. All workers to be entitled to up to 12 weeks paid family leave, with an additional 12 weeks paid medical leave. Wants to make debt-free college available to all Americans.

Wants to close tax loopholes that reward companies for shifting profits and jobs overseas, as well as loopholes that "let Wall Street money managers pay lower rates than some middle-class families". Pledged to provide tax relief to working families, make tax simpler and introduce cuts for small businesses. Proposed increasing taxes for those making more than $5m (£4.06m).

Donald Trump: Says his "America First" approach will create 25 million new jobs over the next decade. Believes decreasing regulation on energy production will boost jobs and he wants to repeal the Dodd-Frank Act, a federal law that allows the government to regulate the financial industry.

Wants to slash the US corporate tax rate from 35% to 15%, simplify tax brackets and reduce taxes across the board. Proposes a childcare deduction that would cover the average cost of childcare.

IMMIGRATION

Hillary Clinton: Promises to "embrace immigrants" – not "denigrate them". Wants to end family detention and close private immigration detention centres, work on immigration integration, end three- and 10-year bars which separate families, create a pathway to citizenship and bring millions of people into the formal economy, while protecting borders and national security. Says the US-Mexico border is the "most secure border we have ever had".

Donald Trump: Wants to build a wall on the US-Mexico border and make Mexico pay for it. Initially proposed mass deportations for all illegal immigrants living in the US, but has since softened his position. Called for a "total and complete shutdown" of the country's borders to Muslims in December 2015, following the terrorist attack in San Bernardino. Has called for an "extreme vetting" of refugees seeking asylum.

FOREIGN POLICY

Hillary Clinton: Supported the US war in Iraq, which she has since said she regrets. Was one of the leading advocates for the US air campaign in Libya under the Obama administration. Supports targeting Islamic State by increasing coalition air strikes and by supply-line disruption, as well as supporting local Arab and Kurdish forces. Supports the Iran nuclear deal. Supportive of Israel and a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict.

Donald Trump: Called the Iran nuclear deal a "disastrous deal". Supportive of Israel and called the state "our great friend and the one true democracy in the Middle East". Believes he can use his deal-making skills to help resolve the Israel-Palestine conflict. Has said he will be "extremely tough" on Islamic State, but has not outlined a plan or disclosed details. Called Nato "obsolete" and said he will "certainly look at" pulling the US out of the international security alliance.

HEALTHCARE

Hillary Clinton: Supporter of the Affordable Care Act and wants to keep Obamacare. Wants to reduce the cost of prescription drug and protect consumers from unfair price increases, while holding drug companies accountable and increasing access to drug alternatives and treatments. Supports health insurance for low-income earners by expanding Medicaid and wants to expand healthcare access to Americans in rural areas. Defends reproductive healthcare and supports women's access to safe and legal abortions.

Donald Trump: Would ask Congress to repeal the Affordable Care Act on his first day in office. Website states: "No person should be required to buy insurance unless he or she wants to." Against Obamacare and wants to allow insurance companies to compete state-by-state. Pro-life. Backtracked from a statement in March, in which he said abortions should be illegal and he supported "some form of punishment" for women who had terminations.

TRADE

Hillary Clinton: Opposes the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TTP), despite having praised it as a deal that "sets the gold standard in trade agreements" during her time as Secretary of State. In October 2015, during a debate with Bernie Sanders, she said the deal no longer met her standards for "more new, good jobs for Americans" and raising wages.

Donald Trump: Opposes the TPP and has said it would be the "death blow for American manufacturing". Has spoken out against free trade deals in June. Campaign states Trump would renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) to get "a better deal" for US workers, otherwise the US will withdraw from the deal.

GUNS

Hillary Clinton: Wants to expand background checks to more gun sales, including cracking down on loopholes in online sales. Also wants to remove the gun lobby's sweeping legal protection for illegal and irresponsible actions and wants to revoke licences from dealers who break the law. Wants to keep guns from perpetrators of domestic abuse and violent criminals by "supporting laws that stop abusers from buying and owning guns, making it a federal crime for someone to intentionally buy a gun for a person prohibited from owning one, and closing the loopholes that allow people suffering from severe mental illness to purchase and own guns".

Donald Trump: "The second amendment to our constitution is clear. The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed upon. Period." Wants to prosecute more violent criminals in cities such as Baltimore and Chicago, but doesn't support guns and magazine bans, stating they are a "total failure". Endorsed by the National Rifle Association.

ENVIRONMENT

Hillary Clinton: States global warming is an "urgent threat" and vows to generate enough renewable energy to power every home in the US. Pledged to cut energy waste in homes, schools and hospitals and reduce oil consumption by a third with cleaner alternatives and efficient vehicles. Says she will launch a $60bn "Clean Energy Challenge" and pledged to invest in clean energy infrastructure to create jobs.

Donald Trump: Doesn't believe in scientific evidence for climate change. In June 2012, he tweeted: "The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive." Wants to dismantle the Paris Agreement, the world's first universal global climate deal. Wants to "unleash" the "untapped shale, oil, and natural gas reserves" in the US. Says he supports clean air and water, but wants to cut funding to the Environmental Protection Agency.