Members of Nigerian terror group Boko Haram raided a village in northeastern Nigeria to steal food and medical supplies on Friday (24 March) evening. The militants, dressed in military uniforms, raided the village of Sabon Garin Kimba, in the restive Borno State.

They had reached the village in a pick-up truck displaying Nigerian army colours, civilian militia assisting troops told news agency AFP.

The militants belonged to the faction loyal to former Boko Haram's spokesperson Abu Musab al-Barnawi, who was appointed as new leader by Boko Haram's ally, the Isis terror group, in 2016.

The appointment created friction within Boko Haram. There are now at least three factions loyal to different leaders, including Abubakar Shekau, who has been controlling the group since 2009.

Unlike previous Boko Haram attacks, the latest raid did not result in casualties, suggesting Barnawi's faction operates differently from Shekau's one.

"They kept telling residents they were from the Barnawi faction and would not harm anyone as long as no one got in their way," a member of the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) militia said.

Following his appointment last year, Barnawi criticised Shekau for, among other things, killing Muslims and allowing the use of children in suicide bombing missions.

Is the fight against Boko Haram over?

Boko Haram used to control territories the size of Belgium.

However, Nigeria's ongoing military operation, Lafiya Dole, and a regional offensive – consisting of 8,700 troops from Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon and Benin – have scored some success, with soldiers recapturing key territories and releasing thousands of civilians held captive by the group.

Last December, the army claimed it had stormed Boko Haram's last known stronghold in Sambisa Forest, in Borno State.

However, Shekau repeatedly denied claims the group had been defeated.

Security analysts have pointed out that declaring a victory over the group is premature, given that Boko Haram is still able to carry out attacks and recruit people.

Experts also warned that underlying issues such as disenfranchisement, poverty and strong links with Isis would continue to pose major threats to stability in the region.