The trial of ousted Egyptian president Mohammed Morsi has been adjourned until 8 January 2014 due to defendants' chants against the military rule, according to state media.

Morsi and 14 other Muslim Brotherhood members face trial on charges of inciting violence outside the Ettehadiya presidential palace in December 2012.

The deposed president told the judge at his trial that he was still the president of Egypt and would not accept the validity of court proceedings. The other defendants chanted "Morsi is my president", "the trial is illegitimate", "down with the military rule" and "no to reconciliation".

"I am Dr Mohammed Morsi, the president of the republic. I am Egypt's legitimate president," the ousted leader said during his first public appearance in months.

"I refuse to be tried by this court" he added.

Toppled by the army in July after mass protests against him, Morsi appeared angry and interrupted the proceedings of the trial, eventually forcing the judge to adjourn the case.

Morsi and other Islamists will be moved to Cairo's Tora prison, according to reports.

A small crowd gathered outside the court, on the outskirts of Cairo, and chanted slogans against the military rule. Demonstrators shouted at a state TV crew and chanted "liars" before attacking them with stones. Other protests took place in Cairo itself.

Security forces reportedly fired tear gas to disperse Morsi supporters in Assiut and al-Sharqeya, where the trial took place.

Sky News reported that 20,000 police officers have been deployed to maintain order during the trial.