Sitting in a chair rimmed with faux-gold leaf and flanked by members of his Christian Babylon Brigade, it's been just 48 hours since Commander Rayan al-Kildani returned from the battle in Mosul. He told of churches and Christian homes left in ruins by Islamic State (Isis) militants.

In the district of Hamandeya, Kildani said IS had doled out some of its worst punishment on the local Christian population as it carried out a scorched earth policy in the wake of its retreat.

"There is no house that was not damaged. All the churches were destroyed," the Christian commander told IBTimes UK. "The Christians from Hamandeya, none of them have returned to their homes ... they have been obliterated, there is literally nothing left."

Kildani said Sunni Muslim towns had been left relatively undamaged as IS moved back into the confines of Mosul in the face of the advance by Iraqi government forces. He described how in one Christian area virtually every house had been destroyed and the infrastructure left in ruins. A Muslim area just five-minutes' drive away had experienced significantly less destruction.

In Christian areas liberated by Iraqi forces, Islamic State iconoclasm has been discovered in churches and other places of Christian worship. At Mar Behnam, a 4th Century monastery, irreplaceable sacred texts were burned and sculptures of the Virgin Mary were smashed. Monks' bedrooms were turned into jail cells.

Hundreds of Kildani's fighters, operating alongside mostly Shia Muslim paramilitary brigades which were raised to counter the expansion of IS, remain on the front in northern Iraq where the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) have been battling to cut supply lines at Tal Afar, 80km east of Mosul.

Kildani returns fresh from a string of victories. The Babylon Brigade has participated in the liberation of the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud and the Sunni town of Ali Rashsh. However, with 17 of his men killed in the campaign, he says the fighting against IS in Mosul has been the fiercest in the two-year long battle to expunge IS from Iraq.

 Rayan al-Kildani
The Commander of the Christian Babylon Brigade Rayan al-Kildani at his unit's headquarters in Baghdad IBTimes UK

"Whoever considers Islamic State as a weak enemy is completely wrong. That information is misleading. IS is a very powerful force. IS militants fire until they run out of ammunition and then they will blow themselves up," Kildani said.

IBTimes UK reporter Callum Paton travelled to Iraq to report on its developing war against Islamic State and the challenges it faces as the militant group's defeat appears imminent.

He visited Iraq's southern Shia heartlands including the cities of Najaf, Karbala and Kufa. He also interviewed officials in the capital Baghdad and visited the cities of Samarra and Tikrit, previously on the front lines of the battle against Isis.

Other articles in the series chronicling the state of Iraq include:

Inside Samarra: Iraq's holy city that has withstood a decade-long Isis and al-Qaeda onslaught

Christian militia taking on Isis: 'They burned our churches, desecrated our monasteries'

Iraq braces for bloody insurgency after Isis jihadis are forced from their Mosul stronghold

Muslim leaders join international delegation to uncover harsh reality of Isis in Iraq

They used to be jailed for losing games - now Iraq's players want to bring football back home

Shia families told 'don't weep for our martyrs' as fathers and sons die in holy war against Isis

In Ali Rashsh the Babylon Brigade found themselves cut off and nearly overrun by IS. The fighters were in the path of a relentless IS onslaught. "We were beseiged by IS militants. We held just one checkpoint and couldn't leave. So we were surrounded on all sides. In the course of 18 hours 14 suicide car bombs were directed at us," Kildani said.

The Babylon Brigade was formed in 2014 following a fatwa by the highest Shia religious authority in Iraq to defend the nation against IS expansion. Kildani believes if there had been no fatwa and the PMF had not been formed then IS would have taken control of Baghdad.

After fighting their way across Iraq through Anbar and Saladin province the commander describes the assault on Mosul as having always been the Babylon Brigade's main objective. The importance of liberating Iraq's second biggest city lies not just in its significance as IS' de-facto capital in the country but also because of its large Christian population.

Christians Mosul Iraq Islamic State
Burned religious texts litter the floor at the Mar Behnam monastery Thaier al-Sudani/Reuters

"From our loyalty to the nation, it has been two years that we have been fighting and liberating cities that are not majority christian. We have been liberating cities where there are no Christians living there," Kildani said.

A Christian unit in a predominantly Shia force, the Babylon Brigade is a strange hybrid. In the upper middle class home in Baghdad's al-Karada district that serves as its headquarters a crucifix hangs on the wall next to the PMF flag. When the Christian fighters go in to battle they carry wooden crosses on the back of their pickups while flying flags bearing the Shia insignia of the PMF.

Kildani said it makes little difference in the trenches whether the man fighting alongside you is Sunni, Shia or Christian but added that it will take time for the wounds inflicted by the Islamic State on the Christian community to heal.

"In the next one, one and half years very few families will return to their homes. There has been fear on both sides. We want to regain the trust between the Muslims and the Christians," he said

- Callum Paton travelled to Iraq courtesy of the Ramadhan Foundation in the UK and the Shrine Al-Ataba Al-Husayniya in Iraq.