Paris attacks French Assembly
The National Assembly is lit with the blue, white and red colours of the French flag in Paris, France, November 19, 2015, to pay tribute to the victims of a series of deadly attacks on last Friday in the French capital. REUTERS/Charles Platiau

The French Senate is expected to approve an extension of the national state of emergency for three months, as President François Hollande prepares a major tightening of security laws in the wake of the 13 November terror attacks that killed 129 people in Paris.

MPs in the lower house of parliament overwhelmingly voted for the extension of emergency measures until the end of February (551 votes against six and one abstention) on Thursday, but the draft law still needs to be approved by the Senat today (Friday 20 November).

The current 1955 law on state of emergency gives certain powers to the security services and police to act without judicial oversight, but what do the new beefed-up emergency measures include?

Before the vote on Thursday (19 November), Prime Minister Manuel Valls, told the French Assembly that the increased security measures were "a short-term answer", but also a sign of France's strength. He insisted the new state of emergency measures should be included in the French Constitution to "give it a sound legal basis".

"It's the efficient response of a democracy, a free country," he said, adding that other liberties could be temporarily limited. "We're at war."

Prime Minister Manuel Valls
French Prime Minister Manuel Valls speaks during a debate to extend a state of emergency, at the National Assembly in Paris, France, November 19, 2015 REUTERS/Charles Platiau

French people agree with restricted liberties

An MP from Hollande's Socialist party, Bruno le Roux, told the Assembly: "I think French people are ready for a certain, totally relative restriction of liberties, that is controlled and limited to a specific timeframe."

An Ifop poll published by Le Figaro and RTL radio four days after the attacks found 84% of French people were prepared to accept more controls and a certain limitation of their liberties to guarantee their security.

The survey also revealed that 59% of 910 French people interrogated agreed with Hollande and Valls' declarations that "France is at war", and with the risks and consequences that implies.

The Prefect of Police of Paris, Michel Cadot, announced that the ban on meetings and demonstrations will be extended to 22 November at midnight. "The demonstrations on the public roads are likely to constitute, in a context of high threat, a potential target for acts of a terrorist nature," the statement read.

UPDATE 2:43pm GMT:

The French Council of State rejected on Friday the proposal of stripping of citizenship five French dual-nationals convicted of terrorism. The demands were made "urgently" following the Paris attacks.