Children as young as eight are among the victims subjected to daily physical and verbal abuse within London's ultra Orthodox Jewish (Charedi) communities, according to a month-long study.
According to a survey carried out by Stamford Hill Shomrim, a neighbourhood-watch scheme in north London, there's at least one anti-Semitic attack on identifiable Jewish people every day in the capital, with the victims ranging from young children to mothers with their babies.
The month-long study recording anti-Semitic attacks on the ultra-Orthodox community was compiled in the run up to National Hate Crime Awareness Week.
Stamford Hill Shomrim notes that during this time there weren't "any major world events" which could have triggered attacks.
According to the study, during the course of one month in London, there were 32 reports of hate crimes against orthodox Jews, equating to eight incidents a week.These incidents include three assaults, two threats to kill, eight threats of violence, 18 cases of verbal abuse and one incident of criminal damage.
Examples of these incidents include:
According to the study, 28 of the victims were male compared to four that were females. The study notes that Orthodox men wear more distinctive clothing than women, making them "more likely to become victims as they are easily identifiable as Jews".
Shomrim said the results of the study may just be the "tip of the iceberg" it does not regularly record anti-Semitic incidents in such detail due to lack of funding, meaning that the vast majority of incidents against ultra-Orthodox Jews are not recorded, especially when "victims do not wish to contact local police directly".
According to a separate report by the Comminity Security Trust (CST), there had been an 11% rise in the anti-Semitic incidents in the UK in the first six months of 2016. The charity said it recorded 577 incidents targeting Jews between January and June this year, an increase on the 473 incidents in the same period in 2015.
Rabbi Herschel Gluck OBE, President of Stamford Hill Shomrim said: "It has long been said that antisemitism is underreported in the Charedi Jewish Community, which is the most visible segment of the Jewish Community, but these figures are nevertheless shocking, even more so since this is only the tip of the iceberg.
"The Home Office must take urgent action to work directly with Stamford Hill Shomrim concerning the Charedi Jewish Community, a community with a distinct ethos, sensitivities and structures, to enhance and improve the reporting of hate crimes."
Gideon Falter, Chairman of Campaign Against Antisemitism said: "This meticulous month-long study by Shomrim shows the shocking extent to which members of the Jewish Charedi community, including very young children, are being singled out and targeted for racist assaults and abuse. Under-reporting of antisemitism in the Charedi community is largely due to the perception that nothing will be done, and that is why the work of Shomrim is so important, working closely with victims and the police to ensure that incidents are investigated and prosecuted."