A photo of a gay couple sharing an intimate moment in St Petersburg, Russia, was selected as the World Press Photo of the Year. The winning picture is part of a larger project by Danish photographer Mads Nissen called Homophobia In Russia. Life for lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) people is becoming increasingly difficult in Russia. Sexual minorities face legal and social discrimination, harassment and even violent hate crime attacks from conservative religious and nationalistic groups. The contest drew entries from around the world: 97,912 images were submitted by 5,692 press photographers, photojournalists and documentary photographers from 131 countries. IBTimes UK presented a selection of the winners.

World Press Photo of the Year
World Press Photo of the Year 2014: Mads Nissen, Denmark, Scanpix/Panos Pictures. Jon and Alex, a gay couple during an intimate moment, St Petersburg, Russia. Life for lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) people is becoming increasingly difficult in Russia. Sexual minorities face legal and social discrimination, harassment, and even violent hate crime attacks from conservative religious and nationalistic groupsMads Nissen, Scanpix/Panos Pictures

American photographer John Moore was named the 2015 Sony World Photography Awards' L'Iris d'Or/professional photographer of the year for his hard-hitting series on Ebola in Liberia. Moore is a senior staff photographer for Getty Images. He has been named photographer of the year by both Pictures of the Year International and the National Press Photographers Association and has been recognised four times by World Press Photo. We published several galleries of Moore's photos in 2014. The 2015 awards attracted 173,444 images submitted from 171 countries, confirming its position as the world's biggest photography competition. We published galleries showcasing the category winners of both the Professional and the Open (amateur) competitions.

ebola liberia
Umu Fambulle stands over her husband Ibrahim after he staggered and fell, knocking himself unconscious in an Ebola isolation centre in a quarantined primary school in MonroviaJohn Moore/Getty Images

Kevin Frayer, a Canadian photojournalist currently based in China, won the 2015 Getty Images and Chris Hondros Fund Award. The award was set up by Hondros's fiancée to honour the photojournalist who was killed on 20 April 2011 in a mortar attack in Misrata, Libya. We have long been big fans of Frayer's work here at IBTimes UK, and his photography has featured in many of our most popular galleries: Utmost Bliss Dharma Assembly, Kazakh horsemen hunting with golden eagles, Tibetan monks unveil giant painting of Buddha, and Jiayang Railway, the world's last passenger steam train service.

Bliss Dharma
The Larung Gar Buddhist Institute is seen in the Larung Valley of Sertar county, in the remote Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan province, ChinaKevin Frayer/Getty Images

Freelance photographer Heidi Levine was named the first winner of the Anja Niedringhaus Courage in Photojournalism Award. The International Women's Media Foundation (IWMF) created the award to honour the courage and dedication of Pulitzer Prize-winning AP photographer Anja Niedringhaus, who was killed while reporting in Afghanistan in 2014. Levine is an American photojournalist who has carved out a career working in conflict and war-torn areas. She has covered critical moments in the Middle East including the revolutions in Egypt, Libya and Syria, and the plight of Iraqi refugees living in Jordan, Syria and Sweden.

Heidi Levine
Rawya abu Jom'a, 17 years old, lies in a hospital bed at the Al Shifa Hospital in Gaza City on July 22, 2014. Rawya was seriously injured when two Israeli air strikes hit her family's apartment. Three of her cousins and her sister were killed in the attack. She suffered shrapnel wounds to her face, legs and her bones were crushed in her right handHeidi Levine/The National/Sipa Press

The Insight Astronomy Photographer of the Year 2015 was won by French photographer Luc Jamet for his image of a total solar eclipse, taken 100m above the valley of Sassendalen in the Norwegian territory of Svalbard. BBC Sky at Night Magazine's editor Chris Bramley, one of the judges, said: "The quality of this year's field of over 2,700 images from across the globe meant that there was some lively debate over the judging. Each and every category contained images of a jaw-dropping standard." IBTimes UK published a gallery of the many stunning entries.

Eclipse Totality over Sassendalen
Overall winner: The total solar eclipse of 20 March 2015 seen from Svalbard - one of only two habitable locations that were able to witness totality – just 16 seconds after it began. The image shows totality about 100m above the large valley of Sassendalen situated on the only permanently inhabited island of the Norwegian archipelago. Venus can also be seen in the photograph, as a bright spot in the upper left of the imageLuc Jamet

Canadian amateur photographer Don Gutoski beat more than 42,000 entries from across 96 countries to be named Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2015 for his image, Tale Of Two Foxes,a beautiful but graphic portrait of the struggle for life in the subarctic climes of Cape Churchill, Canada. Gutoski said. "I first noticed the red fox hunting and interacting with some prey and on closer approach realised that prey was a white Arctic fox. By the time I got close enough to capture the event, the fight was over and the victor was feeding. I took a number of pictures of the event, until the red fox had eaten its fill, and picked up the remains to find a hiding spot for a later meal."

Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2015
Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2015 overall winner: A tale of two foxes by Don Gutoski from Canada. A frozen moment reveals surprising behaviour, witnessed in Wapusk National Park, on Hudson Bay, Canada, in early winter. Red foxes don’t actively hunt Arctic foxes, but where the ranges of two predators overlap, there can be conflict. In this case, it led to a deadly attack. Though the light was poor, the snow-covered tundra provided the backdrop for the moment that the red fox paused with the smaller fox in its mouth in a grim poseDon Gutoski/Wildlife Photographer of the Year 2015

An incredible close-up image of dandelion pollen grains on a honey bee's eye won the Nikon Small World 2015 photomicography competition. Ralph Grimm, an Australian high-school teacher and self-taught photomicrographer, says that as a former beekeeper, the subject matter is near and dear to his heart. Colonies and bee populations continue to dwindle, and he hopes his image can serve as a voice for this rapidly disappearing insect that plays such a critical function in pollinating the world's crops. "In a way I feel as though this gives us a glimpse of the world through the eye of a bee," he said. "It's a subject of great sculptural beauty, but also a warning – that we should stay connected to our planet, listen to the little creatures like bees, and find a way to protect the earth that we all call home."

Nikon Small World 2015
1st Place: Ralph Claus Grimm from Jimboomba, Queensland, Australia. Eye of a honey bee (Apis mellifera) covered in dandelion pollen (120x). Reflected LightRalph Claus Grimm/Nikon Small World 2015

Barrie Williams was named overall winner of the British Wildlife Photography Awards 2015 for his image titled, On The Edge, taken on the Shetland Isles, Scotland. The awards were established to recognise the talents of wildlife photographers working in Britain, while at the same time highlighting the great wealth and diversity of Britain's natural history.

British Wildlife Photography Awards 2015
Barrie Williams, Habitat winner and overall winner of the British Wildlife Photography Awards 2015, On the Edge (Northern gannet, Morus bassanus), Noss NNR, Shetland Isles, Scotland: “Visiting Noss, I was blown away by the sheer volume of gannets surrounding me. I studied the scene for a while, soaking in the seabird orchestra and thinking about how to convey this. Looking down, it appeared to me that the gannets far below looked like stars against the dark backdrop of the sea. Add to this the nests scattered across the cliffs and I knew I had found my image.”Barrie Williams/British Wildlife Photography Awards 2015

An underwater photo of tadpoles seemingly flying across a bright blue sky won first place in the inaugural Royal Society Publishing photography competition, launched to celebrate the power of photography to communicate science. Scientist and photographer Bert Willaert captured the winning shot while snorkelling in a canal in his native Belgium. Willaert's photo was chosen from more than 1,000 entries. Professor Alex Badyaev, one of the judges, said: "To me the winning photo communicates the power of a common biological phenomenon visualised in a new light, and from a perspective that emphasises the other half of the ecosystem; the half we usually miss when looking down at a tadpoles' puddle, but one that is very much part of the tadpoles' own view — the clouds, the trees, and the sky."

Royal Society Publishing photography competition
Category winner, Ecology and Environmental Science and overall winner: Tadpoles overhead by Bert Willaert, Belgium. 'Tadpoles of many anuran species come in high numbers, but not many make it to adulthood. Here a group of common toad (Bufo bufo) tadpoles is seen from below'Bert Willaert

A photo of a tornado in Colorado was chosen as the grand prize winner of the 2015 National Geographic Photo Contest. Selected from more than 13,000 entries, the photo, titled Dirt, was shot by James Smart of Melbourne, Australia. He spent 15 days in spring 2015 chasing storms with his brother and some friends who are meteorologists.

National Geographic Photo Contest 2015
Grand Prize and Nature category winner: Dirt by James Smart. A rare anti-cyclonic tornado tracks in open farmland, narrowly missing a home near Simla, ColoradoJames Smart/National Geographic Photo Contest 2015

An underwater photograph of divers swimming near a humpback whale won the 2015 National Geographic Traveller Photo Contest grand prize. Whale Whisperer was selected from more than 17,000 entries. The photo was taken near Roca Partida, an island off the western coast of Mexico by Anuar Patjane Floriuk of Tehuacán, Puebla, Mexico. Floriuk wins an eight-day National Geographic photo expedition to Costa Rica and the Panama Canal for two. Floriuk said: "The photo wasn't planned. I was taking photos near the head of the whale, and all of a sudden she began to swim toward the rest of the diving team. The divers gave the whale and her calf space, and I just clicked at the moment when the flow and composition seemed right."

National Geographic Traveler Photo Contest
Grand Prize winner: Whale Whisperers by Anuar Patjane FloriukAnuar Patjane Floriuk / National Geographic Traveler Photo Contest

Michal Koralewski of Poland won the 2015 iPhone Photography Awards for his photo of an accordionist playing in a market square in Warsaw. As soon as he saw the bearded musician, he knew he had to take the photo. "His face was the first thing I noticed," Koralewski says, "so expressive and beautiful in its own way. It was like an open book. You could almost read his life story from the wrinkles." The winner was selected from thousands of entries submitted by photographers from 120 countries around the world. All images must have been taken with an iPhone, iPod or an iPad, without the use of desktop image processing programmes such as Photoshop (IOS apps like Snapseed are allowed).

iPhone Photography Awards 2015
Photographer of the Year winner: Michal Koralewski was strolling through a market square in Warsaw when he spotted an accordionist playing traditional Polish songs. As soon as he saw the bearded musician, he knew he had to take the photo. "His face was the first thing I noticed," Koralewski says, "so expressive and beautiful in its own way. It was like an open book. You could almost read his life story from the wrinkles."Michal Koralewski

AFP photographer Bülent Kiliç was awarded the John Faber Award from the Overseas Press Club for his series taken during the anti-government protests on Kiev's Independence Square. Kiliç, a Turkish photographer born in 1979, became a photojournalist in 2003, joining AFP two years later. He is currently chief photographer for Turkey and has carried out several foreign missions, notably in Ukraine and Syria. Time Magazine and the Guardian chose him as their agency photographer of 2014.

Bulent Kilic Kiev Ukraine
February 20, 2014: Protesters' clothing catches fire as they stand behind burning barricades during clashes with police in KievBulent Kilic/AFP

You can see more award-winning pictures on our page dedicated to photography competition winners.